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Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 15 December 2018

Right to water: No provisions regarding right to water.

Natural resources: Licenses to exploit, develop or utilize minerals and all other important underground resources, marine resources, water power, and natural powers available for economic use may be granted for a period of time as prescribed by law.The land and natural resources shall be protected by the State, and the State shall establish a plan necessary for their balanced development and utilization (Art. 120).

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of original text: 13 December 1997 (2011)

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of original text: 14 December 1991 (2017)
Date of original text: 04 December 1987 (2017)

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of original text: 05 June 2008 (2014)
Date of text: 28 March 2008
Date of text: 06 February 2009

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 14 December 1991 (2017)
Date of original text: 29 December 2010 (2016)
Date of original text: 04 December 1987 (2017)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of original text: 29 December 2010 (2016)
Date of original text: 04 December 1987 (2017)
Date of original text: 30 December 1961 (2017)

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of original text: 29 December 2010 (2016)
Date of original text: 10 December 1993 (2017)
Date of original text: 29 February 2008 (2014)

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of original text: 10 December 1993 (2017)
Date of original text: 29 February 2008 (2014)
Date of original text: 04 December 1987 (2017)

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of original text: 10 December 1993 (2017)
Date of original text: 03 March 2006 (2016)
Date of original text: 05 January 1995 (2017)

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
Date of original text: 11 March 2004 (2015)
Date of original text: 27 January 2005 (2015)
Date of original text: 05 June 2008 (2014)

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers
No legislation available

Policies

No policies available

Main basins