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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 18 November 2017

Right to water: No provisions on the right to water.

Natural resources: Part 8 concerns a Policy Directive on Land, Natural Resource, and Environment. The State shall follow the Policy Directive on Land, Natural Resource, and Environment by, among other things: establishing rules for the efficient conservation on the natural resources including water and setting up of a systematic water and natural resource management plan for public benefits, with regard to people participation to conserve, maintain, and balanced making use of the natural resources and biological diversity.

Agriculture

Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
Date of text: 16 July 1980
Date of text: 04 August 1937
Date of text: 01 September 1942

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 01 October 1983
Date of text: 25 February 2015
Date of text: 24 February 1979

Governance

The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 24 February 1979

Infrastructure

Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of text: 16 July 1980
Date of text: 04 August 1937
Date of text: 01 September 1942

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 04 August 1937
Date of text: 01 October 1983

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of text: 01 September 1942

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 01 October 1983

Groundwater

Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
No legislation available

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
No legislation available

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers