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FAOLEX Database

Framework Law

The main law applicable to water resources management, which covers all of the following areas: administration; management, conservation and use of freshwater resources; water rights; waterworks; water supply
No legislation available

Constitutional provisions

Date of text: 24 June 1960

Right to water: No provisions regarding the right to water.

Natural resources: Article 14.2 stipulates that protection of property rights shall not be construed as affecting any general law providing for the carrying out of work on land for the purpose of soil conservation or for the protection of water catchment areas.


Water used for irrigation, forestry and aquaculture
No legislation available

Water Supply and Sanitation

Provision of water services by public utilities or commercial organizations; water supply for domestic, industrial or other purposes; right to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation; quality of piped water; sewerage
Date of text: 05 November 2008
Date of original text: 21 January 2004 (2019)
Date of original text: 26 June 2003 (2015)


The political, social, economic and administrative systems that govern water management and conservation; good practices; good governance; decentralization; water user’s associations
Date of text: 05 November 2008
Date of original text: 21 December 2001 (2019)


Waterworks; water supply systems; dams; hydropower systems; irrigation systems
Date of original text: 05 September 1980 (2019)
Date of original text: 26 June 2003 (2015)

Water Resources Management and Water Rights

Ownership and control of water resources; abstraction and diversion of water; allocation and quotas; riparian rights; priority of rights; free water use
Date of text: 05 November 2008
Date of original text: 30 January 1964 (2009)
Date of original text: 26 June 2003 (2015)

Water and Environment

Water in environmentally-sensitive areas; ‘water demand’ by ecosystems; protection forests; water conservation zones; environmental impact assessment
Date of text: 28 January 2011

Water Quality and Pollution Control

Control of pollution and quality of freshwater bodies and groundwater; agricultural point and non-point sources of pollution; water quality standards
Date of text: 05 November 2008
Date of original text: 05 March 1990 (2015)


Freshwater resources located below the surface of the earth; aquifers; groundwater abstraction; well-sinking; boreholes; hydrogeology
Date of text: 05 November 2008

Disaster Resilience

Water-related hazards; flood; drought; water shortage; adaptation to climate change; early warning system/emergency intervention system
No legislation available

Transboundary Waters

Transboundary effects; international basin institutions; international agreements; transboundary coordination; transboundary aquifers
No legislation available