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框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
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宪法条款

Date of text: 04 July 1991

Right to water: The right to water is recognized by Article 366 of the Constitution as a directive principle of the state policy: ‘The general well-being and improvement of the population’s quality of life are social purposes of the State. A basic objective of [the State’s] activity will be to address the unfulfilled public health, educational, environmental, and drinking water needs of those affected’.

Natural resources: Article 80 states that the State will plan the handling and use of natural resources in order to guarantee their sustainable development, conservation, restoration, or replacement. The exploitation of the natural resources in the indigenous territories will be done without impairing the cultural, social, and economic integrity of the indigenous communities. In the decisions adopted with respect to said exploitation, the Government will encourage the participation of the representatives of the respective communities (Art. 331).

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水
Date of text: 13 December 1961

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水
Date of text: 24 January 1979

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统
Date of text: 24 January 1979

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水
Date of text: 24 January 1979

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of text: 24 January 1979

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质
Date of text: 24 January 1979

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统
Date of text: 24 January 1979