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框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应

宪法条款

Date of text: 28 September 2008

Right to water: The Constitution recognizes the right to water. The human right to water is essential and cannot be waived. Water constitutes a national strategic asset for use by the public and it is unalienable, not subject to a statute of limitations, immune from seizure and essential for life (Art. 12) Health is a right guaranteed by the State and whose fulfillment is linked to the exercise of other rights, among which the right to water, food, education, sports, work, social security, healthy environments and others that support the good way of living (Art. 32). The right to a decent life that ensures health, food and nutrition, clean water, housing, environmental sanitation, education, work, employment, rest and leisure, sports, clothing, social security and other necessary social services is a right for all (Art. 66).

Natural resources: The State will constitute public companies for the management of strategic sectors, supply of public services, exploitation of sustainable natural resources or public goods and the development of any other economic activity. Non-renewable natural resources belong to the inalienable heritage of the State. The State will prioritize conservation of nature, minimizing the negative impacts of environmental, cultural and socio-economic issues. Further Article 318 sets forth that water is part of the country's strategic heritage for public use; it is the unalienable property of the State and is not subject to a statute of limitations. It is a vital element for nature and human existence. Any form of water privatization is forbidden Art.318)

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水
Date of text: 14 December 2006
Date of text: 06 April 2017

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会
Date of original text: 23 March 1960 (2008)

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价
Date of text: 06 April 2017

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of original text: 23 March 1960 (2008)
Date of text: 06 April 2017

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统