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框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
没有相应的法规

宪法条款

Date of text: 18 February 2014

Right to water: Each citizen has the right to healthy and sufficient food and clean water. The State shall ensure food resources to all citizens. The State shall also ensure sustainable food sovereignty and maintain agricultural biological diversity and types of local plants in order to safeguard the rights of future generations (Art. 79). ‘Every citizen is guaranteed the right to enjoy the River Nile. It is prohibited to trespass the riverbank reserve or harm the riverine environment. The State shall guarantee eliminating any trespass against the River Nile as regulated by Law’(Art.45).

Natural resources: The Constitution of Egypt sets out specific provisions regarding the Suez Canal and the River Nile. The State shall protect and develop the Suez Canal and preserve it as an international waterway owned by the State. The State shall also develop the Canal sector as a distinguished economic center (Art. 43). The State shall protect the River Nile, preserve Egypt's historical rights thereto, rationalize and maximize its use, and refrain from wasting or polluting its water. The State shall also protect groundwater; adopt necessary means for ensuring water security; and support scientific research in that regard (Art. 44). Article 45 sets forth the protection of seas, shores, lakes, waterways. It is also stated in the article that the state is committed to protect and preserve plant, animal and fish resources and protect those under the threat of extinction or danger.

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会
Date of text: 03 February 1994

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of text: 03 February 1994

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统