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框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
Date of text: 13 September 2016

宪法条款

Date of text: 27 August 2010

Right to water: Article 43 defines the right of each person to clean and safe water in adequate quantities. Article 58 requires the State to put in place affirmative action programmes designed to ensure that minorities and marginalised groups have reasonable access to water, health services and infrastructure.

Natural resources: “Natural resources” includes surface and groundwater (art. 260). The State shall ensure sustainable exploitation, utilisation, management and conservation of the environment and natural resources, and ensure the equitable sharing of the accruing benefits. Every person has a duty to cooperate with State organs and other persons to protect and conserve the environment and ensure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources. (Art. 69). All rivers, lakes and other water bodies as defined by an Act of Parliament and all catchment areas are defined as "public land". The Fourth Schedule concerns the distribution of functions between the National Government and the County Governments and also regards water resources management and conservation.

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水
Date of text: 14 January 2013
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (1983)
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (2018)

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (2018)
Date of text: 21 June 2017
Date of original text: 30 April 1963 (2018)

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会
Date of text: 21 June 2017
Date of original text: 31 December 2001 (2018)

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (1983)
Date of text: 06 May 2016
Date of original text: 30 April 1963 (2018)

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水
Date of original text: 01 January 1970 (1985)

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价
Date of original text: 01 January 1970 (1985)

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (1997)
Date of original text: 16 November 2018 (1983)

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质
Date of original text: 08 July 1982 (1990)

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统

跨越国界水域

跨越国界影响;国际流域机构;国际协定;跨越国界协调;跨越国界含水层

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