FAO.org

粮农组织主页 > FAOLEX数据库 > 国家水概述 > general profile zh
FAOLEX数据库

框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
Date of text: 12 July 2002

宪法条款

Date of text: 23 December 1991

Right to water: According to article 70, everyone has the right to drinking water. Water resources are public goods, held by the State administration; water resources will serve for priority and sustainable supply of drinking water (not as market good); supply of drinking water shall be provided by the State through local communities directly and as a non-profit service. These provisions were inserted through Law on the amendments to the Constitution, adopted on November 2016.

Natural resources: Article 70 concerns natural resources. National Assets and Natural Resources: Special rights to use national assets may be acquired, subject to conditions established by Law. The conditions under which natural resources may be exploited shall be established by Law. The Law may provide that natural resources may also be exploited by foreign persons and shall establish the conditions for such exploitation.

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水
Date of text: 21 November 2012

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统
没有相应的法规

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水
Date of text: 28 May 2008
Date of text: 18 July 2012

水与环境

在环境敏感区域的水; 生态系统的“水的需求';保护林;节约用水区;环境影响评价
Date of text: 28 May 2008
Date of text: 28 February 2013

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of text: 28 May 2008
Date of text: 18 July 2012

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质
Date of text: 28 May 2008

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统