empowerment of women
According to the UN, it has five components: 1) women’s sense of self-worth; 2) their right to have and to determine choices; 3) their right to have access to opportunities and resources; 4) their right to have the power to control their own lives, both within and outside the home; 5) their ability to influence the direction of social change to create a more just social and economic order, nationally and internationally.
United Nations Population Information Network (POPIN); UN Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs with support from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA): Guidelines on Women's Empowerment (http://www.un.org/popin/unfpa/taskforce/guide/iatfwemp.gdl.html).
Empowerment of women is required. This means a greater role for women in decision making at all levels, including the household, local communities, and national parliaments. Women’s empowerment is not only a priority goal in itself but an intrinsic human right.
Asian Development Banjìk and FAORAP, Gender Equality and food security: http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/ar259e/ar259e.pdf)
Empowerment; gender empowerment
Women’s empowerment does not imply women taking over control previously held by men, but rather the need to transform the nature of power relations. Power may be understood as ‘power within,’ or self confidence, ‘power with’, or the capacity to organise with others towards a common purpose, and ‘power to’ effect change and take decisions, rather than ‘power over’ others.
Gender and Development - Concepts and Definitions, BRIDGE, 2000 (http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/reports/re55.pdf).
Women’s empowerment happens when individuals and organised groups are able to imagine their world differently and to realise that vision by changing the relations of power that have kept them in poverty, restricted their voice and deprived them of their autonomy.