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Analysis of farming systems

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

There are significant differences in agro-ecological conditions among the farming systems in the region. The agro-ecologies vary from one of the world’s most fertile regions in Southeast Europe, to poor, water-scarce regions of Central Asia. This agro-ecological diversity, plus the heterogeneity of political, economic and social conditions in the region, has resulted in the development of a wide variety of farming systems. Altogether eleven major farming systems have been identified. The Urban Based system is dispersed throughout the region and is therefore not mapped. These farming systems are briefly described in the following links.

Irrigated

Mixed

Forest based livestock

Horticulture mixed

Large scale cereal-vegetable

Small scale cereal-livestock

Extensive cereal-livestock

Pastoral

Sparse (cold)

Sparse (arid)

Urban based (not mapped)


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