INFORMATION ON FISHERIES MANAGEMENT IN DJIBOUTI

February 2004




LOCATION AND MAIN LANDING PLACES

Most landings are made in Djibouti city and at Tadjourah with smaller quantities landed at Khor Angar. More reef and demersal species tend to be landed at Tadjourah, where there are well-developed reef structures offshore.

FISHERIES POLICIES AND PLANS

The main objective of Djibouti’s fishery policy is to develop the resources and manpower of the country to promote the sustainable utilization of local fish stocks. Coupled with this primary aim is the Government support and development of infrastructure facilities such as ports, cold storage and training facilities for fishermen.

Overall strategies

The overall development objectives of the government for the fisheries sectors are:

  • To further develop the fisheries resources of Djibouti.
  • To develop sustainable and responsible fisheries management through stock development and conservation measures and to protect the marine environment.
  • To improve the economic performance of different fishery sectors through providing training to fishermen.
  • To develop the fisheries infrastructure of Djibouti including marketing, ports, cold storage facilities and processing facilities.

MANAGEMENT MEASURES IN USE

There are very few management measures in place in Djibouti and it is generally acknowledged that this lack of control on fishing will become a major problem in the future as the industry develops. Spearfishing, though legally banned, is widely practiced. Artisanal fishermen are apparently not subject to any limitations, and their impacts in the future will likely multiply as their gear technology improves in catching efficiency. There is already a move away from traditional practices such as the substitution of natural fibers with monofilament line, and the use of modern spear guns in place of locally made wooden ones.

Fisheries management in Djibouti however has the singular advantage that most new fishermen pass through the government training program. This provides an opportunity to inculcate appreciation for conservation and stock management among fishermen and to develop participatory strategies between the government and fishermen.

Djibouti is a member state of the Program for the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA), which has as one of it’s objectives to develop regionally consistent strategies for environmental protection in the marine areas of the region.

INVESTMENT IN FISHERIES

Within the artisanal sector, Djibouti nationals individually own most vessels. Aid funding is the primary contributor to investment in fisheries infrastructure such as ports, markets and other facilities.

There is no industrial fishery and no significant fish processing capabilities in Djibouti.

MAIN FISHERIES REGULATIONS

Regulation of fisheries in Djibouti is minimal and is undertaken by administration by the Direction de l'Elevage et des Pêches of the Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Hydraulique.

A number of other environmentally orientated laws, administered by Djibouti’s environmental agency, that are related to marine protection impact on various fishing activities.

PROJECTION OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND

If the potential of Djibouti’s fisheries can be realized, local production could increase substantially in the medium term. Estimates of long-term sustainable yield are around 5000 t per annum compared with current landings of 350 t.

It is unlikely that local demand will increase significantly in the medium term and hence increased local production will flow through to substantially increased exports. Initiatives have already been put in place for Djibouti’s fish products to gain access to the European Community markets.

ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE NATIONAL FISHERIES AUTHORITY

Fisheries in Djibouti are administered by a small, dedicated Directorate of Fisheries that is responsible for all aspects of fisheries development policy, management and training. The structure of the Directorate is as follows: