|INFORMATION ON FISHERIES MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN|
1. Major fishery sites: 1.
Table 1. Landings for major sites (tonne)
and Production Centre of Fisheries of
Fishery sector management
With the transformation to a market economy, the state management element
in fisheries was reduced to basic monitoring of catch quantities. The
controls carried out by the former authority,
Thus, for the state, there were problems in the areas of maintaining fish stocks in general, and conserving stocks of valuable species for future sustainable use. To deal with these problems, the management system was reviewed and a new management regime was introduced in phases, starting from late 2002 and still (late 2003) ongoing.
in the main water bodies (Ural-Northern Caspian basin, Balkhash basin,
Bukhtarma and Shardara reservoirs) was centrally regulated. Regulation
of fishery on other water bodies was provided for through local authorities.
To implement the objectives, some technical measures are applied:
direct limitation of fishing zones through closed areas, seasonal or total;
closed seasons to ensure reproduction and survival of juveniles of commercially important fish species;
control over technical parameters of fishing gear, as defined in the FR;
minimum sizes for catches of each species;
research to assess stock resources and define potentials for development of new fisheries;
coordination of fishermen’s activities in organizing and carrying out fishing and related activities; and
requirements for fish re-stocking in artificial water bodies.
Special rules govern spring and autumn fishing seasons in rivers connected to the Northern Caspian (mostly the lower Ural River). An aquatic biological resources committee was founded with other Caspian states in 1992. It allots fishing quotas as recommendation among these states. In 2003, fishing was carried out on a cycle of 5 fishing days followed by 3 rest days, until 25 April, and then a cycle of 3 fishing days followed by 2 rest days after 25 April.
Control of movements of fish and fish products is carried out by customs officials.
Fishery sector institutions
Ministry of Agriculture is the legal entity responsible for practical
fisheries management in
Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Fish Industry
In the framework of the Ministry of Agriculture, the
Structure of Science and Production Centre of Fisheries
General legal framework
use of fish stocks is regulated by: the Law on Safe Reproduction and
Use of the Animal Kingdom (1993); the Fisheries Rules (FR) (
Investments and subsidies in fisheries
Significant indirect subsidies have supported reclamation and reproduction work. Thus, the average contributions for reclamation work in the Northern Caspian area were tenge 170 million (about US$ 1.2 million) per annum in 2000–2002. In the Northern Kazakhstan district, tenge 634 000 (about US$ 4 500) was spent for reclamation work in 2001.
Financial support for fishing inspectors and fisheries research has been limited, and researchers have had very little funding for systematic practical fieldwork.
Financial support for warm water fish farms and aquaculture is absent, with no support to the recreational fisheries sector.
Per capita fish consumption was forecast to increase by 2010, approaching recommended nutrition norms. There is expected to be an expansion in the range of products available in domestic markets. Processing capacity continues to be improved, and sustainability principles will become increasingly important in national fish production development.