|INFORMATION ON FISHERIES MANAGEMENT IN NAURU|
LOCATION AND MAIN LANDING PLACES
fish landings in
Estimated landings by principal site (tonnes)
large amount of tuna caught by foreign fishing vessels in the
SECTOR OVERVIEW: BROAD OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES
Nauru Government’s broad objectives and strategies for the development
of the fisheries sector are given in the document National Fisheries
Development Strategy 1996 – 2001. With respect to fisheries management, several
points should be noted. The document has been “approved in principle”
but not formally adopted by the
Fisheries and Marine Resources Authority is a new entity. The NFMRA
was formed and has evolved during a period when the country was facing
large financial problems, the demise of the foundation of its economy,
and a bleak economic future. In such circumstance it is understandable
why government’s fisheries agency is largely development oriented.
Non-development interventions by the government in the fisheries
sector are minimal.
Under the Fisheries Act 1997, the general objectives of fisheries management
National Fisheries Development Strategy 1996 – 2001 gives as objectives:
Overview of government management strategy
Government fisheries management
strategies have not been specifically articulated. Some indication
of strategies can be obtained from the list of planned activities
of the NFMRA in the National Fisheries Development Strategy 1996 –
2001. One of the eight priority activities in the Strategy is the
review and updating of the legislation for fisheries to incorporate
the developments in the region and to ensure the effective protection
from over-exploitation of the fishery resources and the marine environment.
new strategic plan for the Nauru Fisheries and Marine Resources Authority
covering the years 2001 to 2006 is under preparation.
Although present fisheries management is minimal, the Fisheries Act 1997 provides for such action. The Minister can prohibit fishing or a fisheries activity in several ways. These include prohibitions by species, sub-species, class or type of fish, method, time, date, season, period, and other ways. The regulations list as offences driftnet fishing, use of explosives and poison, use of fish aggregating devices, importation of live fish without permission and the sale of fish in breach of any notice.
The Fisheries Act also provides for “fisheries strategies”. According to the Act, the NFMRA may draw up a Fishery Strategy for any fishery. A Fishery Strategy should:
Description of main management systems for major fisheries
government interventions in the fisheries sector are largely limited
to action for obtaining government revenue from the foreign offshore
fisheries and measures to facilitate domestic fisheries development. It is therefore difficult to categorize any
fisheries management in
The offshore tuna fishery in
According to National Fisheries Development Strategy 1996 – 2001, the objectives of management of the offshore tuna fishery are:
The strategy could be thought of as having three major components:
applied consist of the requirement for all fishing vessels to have
a valid license. The measure
appears to be successful as
The major non-government stakeholders in the offshore tuna fishery are the operators of foreign fishing vessels. Any input they have into the management system is obtained during the access negotiation process.
for decision making comes from both logbook forms that the operators
of foreign fishing vessels are required to submit, and from observers
placed on those foreign vessels. The logbook data is inspected at NRMRA and also
forwarded to the Oceanic Fisheries Programme of the Secretariat of
the Pacific Community where it is combined with similar information
from neighboring countries to provide a regional perspective to the
Only limited comments can
be made on the management of inshore fisheries in
According to a paper1 presented
“Traditional marine tenure
systems once formed an important link to Nauruan communities but since
the commencement of phosphate mining, it has generated into an open
access or “free for all” system, which means that there are no longer
any community or traditionally managed fisheries on
With respect to future stakeholder
input, the Nauru Fishermen’s Association and the Buada Lagoon Association
will have important roles. The
Nauru Fishermen’s Association often has input on fisheries matters
of concern to them. The Buada
Lagoon Association was set up to influence government policies and
development and management of the largest inland body of water in
Act 1997 provides for the management, development, protection and
conservation of the fisheries and living marine resources of
Other fisheries-related legislation includes:
INVESTMENTS AND SUBSIDIES IN FISHERIES
are no published estimates of the value of investments or subsidies
Apart from infrastructure, the major government investment in fisheries is the fish market and the 18 m catamaran longline vessel. In the past the government owned two tuna purse seine vessels.
sector investment is quite limited and mostly confined to the boats,
outboard engines, fishing gear, and diving gear.
AND DEMAND FOR FISHERY PRODUCTS
Projections for the supply and demand for fish
are unavailable for
The population of
There has apparently been only one study in
the past decade which has attempted to estimate per capita fish consumption
If it is assumed that annual per capita consumption
is 46.7 kg, then
NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL FISHERIES INSTITUTIONS
The management of marine resources in
In mid-2001 the Nauru Fisheries and Marine Resources Authority (NFMRA) had 56 permanent and 31 temporary employees. Most of the NFMRA’s revenue comes from access fees paid by foreign fishing vessels.
1998 the Nauru Fisheries Corporation (NFC) was established as the
commercial arm of the NFMRA. Its
main activities are the operation of a domestic fish market and an
18 m tuna longliner.
The Nauru Fishermen’s Association and the Buada Lagoon Association are important stakeholder groupings.