| English||This document is a general review on the status and trend of aquaculture in Cyprus. The main type of aquaculture carried out in Cyprus is marine aquaculture and the outlook for its expansion is positive. Mariculture is currently carried out exclusively on the southern coasts of the country and the culture method utilized is open sea cage culture. In 2004 the main marine species commercially cultured were the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), European seabass (Dicentrachus labrax), and Northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus thynnus). The total production of seabream, seabass and bluefin tuna in percentages was 39, 20 and 39 percent, respectively. The following species are also produced in much smaller quantities (2 percent): Sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo), Shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa), Japanese seabream (Pagrus major), Red porgy (Pagrus pagrus), and the Indian white shrimp (Penaeus indicus). The production of marine fish and fry has been showing an increasing trend over the last few years.
Freshwater fish production is also carried out to some extent. The only freshwater fish cultured on a commercial basis is the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The production of trout has been stable over recent years, but is directly influenced by climatic conditions such as drought which may have an impact on the availability of water and consequently on production.
In terms of volume, aquaculture accounts for approximately 70 percent of fisheries production in Cyprus. In terms of value, it exceeds 70 percent. It also accounts for an important part of the fish and fisheries products consumed in Cyprus. Of the annual 18 kilograms per capita consumption of fish and fisheries products, aquaculture products account for 2.5 kilograms.
The expansion and diversification of products from marine and freshwater farms is a priority for the future viability of the sector.