English Baseline Study of the Shrimp Trawl Fishery in Madagascar and Strategies for Bycatch Management
   EnglishTo establish the baseline situation of bycatch and discards in Madagascar┬┐s shrimp trawl fishery and the strategies for their management, a desk review of literature coupled with information collection from various actors including Fisheries Administration, related agencies, fishing companies and research centers was carried out between November 2009 and February 2010. Information gathered was presented to stakeholders from public and private sector institutions (including relevant NGOS) through a series of focus group meetings, in June 2010, for validation and updating. Information compiled was then presented to a one-day national bycatch workshop held in the FAO Madagascar Office where input on the findings was discussed in an open forum. 35 persons participated in the individual and group workshops. The key findings include: (i) the paucity of data on bycatch in the various shrimp fisheries, the situation being more severe for the traditional sector, (ii) the significant increase in catch and effort in the traditional multi gear shrimp fishery and dramatic decreases in the landings by the industrial fleet, (iii) insufficiency of human, technical and financial resources allocated to the sector to effectively manage the resources - specifically to resources assessment, monitoring and surveillance. Great concern has been raised by the public and private sector regarding interactions between the industrial and traditional sectors and their mutual impacts, as well as the lack of appropriate zoning and compliance, all contributing to declines in resources. Participants to the various meetings and the national workshop recommended that the overall objective of shrimp fisheries management should ensure the viability/ sustainability of the resources. For this, the traditional multi gear and the trawl sectors should be managed as an integral unit. Both fisheries should be supported by collection of scientific data including bycatch and discards as well as by an enhanced monitoring, control and surveillance. Additional measures for resource and habitat conservation should be through a network of Biologically Sensitive Shrimp Zones (biology-based protected areas), appropriate zoning and governance. Together these measures will contribute towards meeting the management objectives of shrimp and the bycatch species concerned. Workshop participants agreed that urgent actions are required to re-establish traditional and industrial fisheries on a sustainable basis and that this could best be achieved through a joint program of research and development involving public and private sector partners including the Fisheries Administration, shrimp companies and fishers, local communities, NGOs and all those concerned by the marine and coastal areas, with the assistance from FAO for the development of technical cooperation project.
Author(s)Hajanirina RAZAFINDRAINIBE
Type of publicationProject
Publication year2010
Job number/
Data ownerFI /FIRO
Project NameFormulation of national activities of the second phase of the project "Reduction of Bycatch in Tropical Shrimp Trawling" (REBYC)
Project Code NumberTCP/MAG/3201
Series titleProject reports (not in a Series)
Agrovoc Bycatch
Categories Fisheries and aquaculture - General aspects
Country Madagascar
Continent Africa
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