Aquaculture Feed and Fertilizer Resources Information System

Grass carp - References

Cai, X., Luo, L., Xue, M., Wu, X. & Zhan, W. 2005.Growth performance, body composition and phosphorus availability of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) as affected by diet processing and replacement of fishmeal by detoxified castor bean meal.  Aquaculture Nutrition, 11: 293-299.

Cai, Z. and Curtis, L. R. 1990. Effects of diet and temperature on food consumption, growth rate and tissue fatty-acid composition of triploid grass carp. Aquaculture, 88: 313-327.

Cassani, J. R. And Caton, W. E. 1983. Feeding behaviour of yearling and older hybrid grass carp. Journal of Fish Biology, 22: 35-41.

Chen, K., Zhu, J. & Li, J. 1996. Preliminary study on feeding attraction effect of extracts of some animals and plants for young grass carp.

Journal of Sichuan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, 10: 39-44. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Chen, W. and Zhang, Y. 2005. Application of photosynthetic bacteria in grass carp fingerling culture ponds. Fisheries Sciences, 24: 39-40. (In Chinese)

Cui, Y., Chen, S., Wang, S. & Liu, X. 1993. Laboratory observations on the circadian feeding patterns in the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) fed three different diets. Aquaculture , 113: 57-64.

Cui, Y.B., Chen, S.L., Wang, S.M., 1995. Effect of temperature on the energy budget of the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 26: 169-174. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Cui, Y.B.and Xie, S.Q., 1999. Chapter 18. Modelling growth in fish. In: Feeding Systems and Feed Evaluation Methods (eds: M.K. Theodorou and J. France), pp. 413-434. CAB International: Oxon, U.K.

Dabrowski, K. and Kozak, B. 1979. The use of fish meal and soyabean meal as a protein source in the diet of grass carp fry. Aquaculture, 18:107-114.

Dabrowski, K. and Poczyczyski, P.1988. Comparative experiments on starter diets for grass carp and common carp. Aquaculture, 69: 317-332.

Dabrowski, K.1977. Protein requirements of grass carp fry (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.). Aquaculture, 12: 63-73.

Deng, Z., 2006. Diagnostics for the diseases in cultured grass carp from poor quality pellets. China Fisheries, 8 :59. (In Chinese)

Du, Z., Liu, Y., Tian, L., Wang, J., Wang, Y., Guo, R. & Liang, G. 2004. The change of blood lipid indexes after fed high-fat diet in grass carp.

Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Univeritatis Sunyatseni, 43: 77-79. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Du, Z., Liu, Y., Tian, L., Wang, J., Wang, Y., Guo, R. & Liang, G. 2005. Effect of dietary lipid level on growth, feed utilization and body composition by juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Aquaculture Nutrition, 11: 139-146.

Duan, X. and Duan, J. 2005. Comparison of profit of pond-cultured grass carp fed different diets. Inland Fisheries, 1: 14-15. (In Chinese)

Feng, D., Huang, X., Tang, L. & Chen, Z. 2006a. Evaluation of forages palatability for grass carp and white bream in mountain area of South China. Chinese Journal of Grassland, 28: 75-78. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Feng, D., Tang, L., Huang, X., Chen, Z. & Zheng, Z. 2006b. Improvement of grass carp quality by high quality grass. Reservoir Fisheries, 26: 81-82. (In Chinese)
Feng, J. and Liu, D. 2005. Effect of dietary small peptides on  growth performance of grass carps Ctenopharyngodon idella. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 29: 20-25.  (In Chinese with English abstract)

Fowler, M. C. and Robson, T. O. 1978.The effects of the food preferences and stocking rates of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) on mixed plant communities. Aquatic Botany, 5: 261-276.

Gao, C. and Liu, Z. 2006. Effect of dietary xylanase on growth and digestibility of grass carp. Feed Research, 8: 48-49. (In Chinese)

Gao, C. and Wang, Y. 2006. Effect of dietary phytase on growth and phosphorus phytate metabolism in grass carp. Journal of Anhui Agriculture Sciences, 34: 1377-1379.

Gao, C., Fan, G., Li, J. & Yang, G. 2006a. Effects of cellulose on growth performance, feed digestive rate and whole body composition in grass carp. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 22: 473-475. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Gao, C., Wang,Y., Li,J. & Yang G. 2006b. Effect of β-glucanases on growth and diet digestibility in grass carp. Feed Research, 7: 41-42 (In Chinese).

George, T.T. 1982. The Chinese grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, its biology, introduction, control of aquatic macrophytes and breeding in the Suda. Aquaculture, 27: 317-327.

Gou, Y. 1998. Comparative study on feeding and growth of one year grass carp at different salinities. Journal of Sichuan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, 12: 83-87. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Gou, Y. 1998. Comparative study on feeding and growth of year of young grass carp at different salinities. Journal of Sichuan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, 12: 83-87. (In Chinese)

Guo, G., 2006. High efficient farming for large juvenile grass carp fed with pellets and duckweed. China Fisheries, 8: 77-79. (In Chinese)

Guo, J., Ye, Y., Wu, D., Tang, J., Xiao, P., Peng, H., Wang, C. & Zhang, B. 2005.  Digestibility in vitro of grass carp to extruded and raw rapeseed and soybean. Feed Research, 10: 51-54. (In Chinese)

Huang, G., Li, G. and Zhou, L., 2003. Study on the requirement dose of lysine during stages of growth of Ctenopharyngodon idellus. Ecologic Science, 22: 147-149.  (In Chinese with English abstract)

Jiang, M., Wnag, W., Wen, H., Wu, F., Zhao, Z., Lu, A. and Lu, W., 2007. Effects of dietary vitamin K3 on growth, carcass composition and blood coagulation time for grass carp fingerling (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Freshwater Fisheries, 37: 61-64. (In Chinese)

Khan,M.A., Jafri, A.K. and Chadha, N.K. 2004. Growth, reproductive performance, muscle and egg composition in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes), fed hydrilla or formulated diets with varying protein levels. Aquaculture Research, 35: 1277-1285.

Kilambi, R.V. 1980. Food consumption, growth and survival of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Val at four salinities. Journal of Fish Biology, 17: 613-618.

Kuang, X., Yang, W., Pan, H. & Feng, C. 2004a. Comparative analysis of digestibility and absorption of protein and amino acids in the intestine of grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 34: 16-18. (In Chinese).

Kuang, X., Zhang, H., Chen, B., Liu, Z. & Huang, Y. 2004b. Comparison on the content of the nutrient composition in grass carp’s muscle and the glucose-6-phosphodehydrogenase in tis erythrocyte from the beginning to the end of making grass carp’s meat crisp to the taste. Natural Science of Journal of Hainan University, 22: 258-261. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Liang, C., 2002. High production and high efficiency of rearing large juvenile grass carp with duckweed. Freshwater Fisheries, 32: 31-32. (In Chinese)
Liao, C., Yong, W. & Wen, H. 1997. Nutrient requirement and diet formulation for grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 27: 31-33. (In Chinese)

Lin, F. 2001. Photosynthetic bacteria as an additive in fingerlings culture of grass carp. Reservoir Fisheries, 21: 21. (In Chinese)

Lin, S., Luo, L. & Ye, Y. 2001. Apparent digestibility of crude proteins and crude fats in 17 feed ingredients in grass carp. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 8: 59-64. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Lin, S., Luo, L., Ye, Y. & Zeng, D. 2003. Effects of different forms of VC on the growing of grass carp. Cereal & Feed Industry, 4: 30-32. (In Chinese)

Lin, S., Tan, B. & Wei, W. 2006. Effect of four commercial formulated diets on growth of grass carp. Feed Industry, 27: 26-28. (In Chinese)

Liu, W. and Ren, B., 1995.  Effects of dietary lipid content on growth of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Jiangxi Science, 13: 219-223. (In Chinese)

Liu, Y., Liu, D., Tian, L. & Cao, J. 1999, Effect of fish food with cotaing and crystalline lysine on Ctenopharyngodon idellus. Journal of Fisheries of China,  23 (supp.): 51-56. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Lu, S. and Deng, G. 2003. Comparative test on cage-cultured grass carp fed formulated diet and grass. Inland Fisheries, 3: 9-10. (In Chinese)

Liu and He, B. 1992. Cultivation of the Chinese Freshwater Fishes (3rd edition). Liu J. and He B. (eds) Science Press, Beijing, 1992. 750 pp.

Luo, L., Lin, S. & Ye, Y. 2001. Apparent digestibility coefficient of dry matter, protein and lipid of nine feed ingredients for grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 31: 47-50. (In Chinese)

Luo, L., Wen, H., Wang, L., Li, Q., Long, Y., Guo, J. & Yang, X. 2006. Effects of taurine on growth performance, quality, digestive and metabolic enzyme activity of grass carp (Ctenopharymgodon idellus). Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition, 18: 166-171. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Ma, L., Huang, F., Wu, J., Yong, W. & Cao, J. 2005. Effects of different rapeseed meal levels on growth, serum biochemical indices and toxins residues in Ctenopharyngodon idellus.  Journal of Fisheries of China, 29: 798-803. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Mao, G., 2006. Technology for the culture of grass carp. China Fisheries, 4: 26-28. (In Chinese)

Ni, D. and Wang, J. 1999. Biology and Diseases of Grass Carp. Ed. Ni D and Wang J., Science Press, Beijing, China, Pp. 437.

Shao, K., Meng, J., Fang, Y. & Yan, Z. 2004.  Effect of different diets on the profit of grass carp juvenile culture. Freshwater Fisheries, 34: 31-33. (In Chinese)

Shi, W., Lu, M., Xu, Z. & Lu, Y. 2001. Studies on the effect of three products of vitamin C on the growth performance of grass carp fingerling. Journal of Zhejiang Ocean University (Natural Science), 20 (supp.): 127-129. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Shireman, J.V., Colle, D.E. and Maceina,M.J. 1980. Grass carp growth rates in Lake Wales, Florida. Aquaculture, 19: 379-382.

Song, Z. and Cao, W., 2001. The growth of juvenile grass carp in the Yangtze River. Freshwater Fisheries, 31: 45-48. (In Chinese)

Su, C., Luo, L., Wen, H., Sheng,X. and Li, S., 2007. Effects of dietary iron on growth performance, nutritional composition and some blood indices of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Freshwater Fisheries, 37: 48-52. (In Chinese)

Takeuchi, T., Watanabe, K., Satoh, S. & Watanabe, T. 1992. Requirement of grass carp fingerlings for alpha -tocopherol. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 58: 1743-1749.

Tao, J., Liu, L., Niu, H., Li, L., Wang, J. & Wang, L. 2007.  Effect of Pulsatilla chinensis (Bge. ) on immune function of grass carp. Feed Research, 3: 52-54. (In Chinese)

Tian, C., Wang, Y., Wang, M. & Yang, Q. 2005. Grass carp cultured on floating extrusion diets. China Fisheries, 1: 81-82. (In Chinese)
Venkatesh, B. and Shetty, H. P. C. 1978. Studies on the growth rate of the grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes) fed on two aquatic weeds and a terrestrial grass. Aquaculture, 13: 45-53.

Wang, D. and Zhao, L., 1994. Requirement of the fingerling grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) for manganese. Journal of Shanghai Fisheries University, 3: 34-39. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Wang, S., Liu, Y., Tian, L.,  Xie, M., Yang,H., Wang,Y. &  Liang, G. 2005. Quantitative dietary lysine requirement of juvenile grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Aquaculture, 249: 419– 429.

Wang, X. and Zhang, R., 2005. Saving-feed technology for grass carp culture. China Fisheries, 9: 34-35.

Wang, Z., Sun, H., Liu, H., Ma, J., Xuan, Z., Ren, W. And Wu, Y., 2002. The requirements and optimum ratio of calcium and phosphorus in the compound feed of Ctenopharyngodon idellus. Journal of Fisheries of China, 26: 127-132. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Wen, H. & Liao, C.  1996. Effect of polyphosphate ascorbic acid as vitamin C source for grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 26: 11-13. (In Chinese)

Wen, H., Xiong, M. & You, W. 2000. Grwoth performance and nutritional evalution of feed ingredients for grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 30: 37-41. (In Chinese)

Wen, Y., Tan, Y. & Wang, W. 1995. Effects of temperature on consumption and growth of young grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Journal of Sichuan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, (1):11-16 (In Chinese)

Wu, Z., Tan, J., Chen, X. & Wu, H. 2005. Optimal inclusion of “two low” rapeseed in the diet for grass carp, common carp and freshwater shrimp. Freshwater Fisheries, 35:12-15. (In Chinese)

Xiang, D., Song, W., Lin, H., Xiong, Y., Yan, T., Hu, T. & Chen, Y. 1995. Effects of probiotics on grass carp’s growth.  Journal of Sichuan Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, 2: 12-16. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Ye, Y., Lin, S. and Luo, L. 2003. Apparent digestibility coefficient of 27 feed ingredients for grass carp. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 10: 60-64. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Zhang, L., Zhang, W. & Ren, X. 2007. Effects of photosynthetic bacteria on growth and related immune enzyme activity of grass carp. Cereal & Feed Industry, 2: 37-38. (In Chinese)

Zhang, Y., Lan, Z. & Wang, C. 1996. Effect of photosynthetic bacteria on fingerlings culture of grass carp. China Fisheries, 5: 13. (In Chinese)
Zhao, K. and Yang, C. 2000. Effect of dietary protein content and pellet size on the growth of grass carp. Freshwater Fisheries, 30: 31-33. (In Chinese)

Zhao, Y., Wang, H., Hong, J. & Huang, X. 2003. Influence of leather protein meal replacing fish meal on growth performance of grass carp. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University (Natural Sciences), 29: 55-56. (In Chinese with English abstract).