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Figure-H2.37.0

Fig. H2.37.0 shows the boundaries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea (Major Fishing Area 37).

A description of the area and its subareas and divisions follows.

The Mediterranean and Black Sea Statistical Area comprises all the marine waters bounded, to the west, by a line running from a point on the coast of Morocco at 5°36'W longitude, thence due north to the coast of Spain (isthmus of Punta Marroqui) and, to the southeast, by the northern entrance to the Suez Canal. Marine waters include brackishwaters, lagoons and all other areas where fishes and other organisms of marine origin are predominant.

The Mediterranean and Black Sea is divided into the following subareas and divisions:

Western Mediterranean (Subarea 37.1)
All marine waters bounded, to the west, by a line running from a point on the coast of Morocco at 5°36'W longitude due north to the coast of Spain (isthmus of Punta Marroqui) and, to the southeast, by a line running from Cape Bon (Ras el Tib) at 37°02'N latitude and 11°00'E longitude in a northeasterly direction to Trapani at 38°02'N latitude and 12°32'E longitude; thence in an easterly direction along the north and east coasts of Sicily to a point on the east coast of Sicily at latitude 38°00'N; thence across the Strait of Messina due east to the southwest coast of Italy.
Balearic (Division 37.1.1)
The waters of the Western Mediterranean bounded by a line commencing on the coast of Africa at the Algerian/Tunisian frontier at 8°37'E longitude; thence running due north to 38°00' north latitude; thence due west to 8°00' east longitude; thence due north to 41°20' north latitude; thence westward along a rhumb line to the mainland coast at the eastern end of the frontier between France and Spain; thence following the Spanish coast to Punta Marroqui; thence due south along 5°36' west longitude to the coast of Africa; thence following in an eastwards direction along the coast of Africa to the starting point.

Gulf of Lions (Division 37.1.2)
The waters of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea bounded by a line commencing on the mainland coast at the eastern end of the frontier between France and Spain running eastward along a rhumb line to 8°00' east longitude 41°20' north latitude; thence northward along a rhumb line to the mainland coast at the frontier between France and Italy; thence following in a southwesterly direction the coast of France to the starting point.

Sardinia (Division 37.1.3)
The waters of the Tyrrhenian Sea and adjacent waters bounded by a line commencing on the coast of Africa at the Algerian/Tunisian frontier at 8°37'E longitude; thence running due north to 38°00' north latitude; thence due west to 8°00' east longitude; thence due north to 41°20' north latitude; thence northward along a rhumb line to the mainland coast at the frontier between France and Italy; thence following the coast of Italy to 38°00' north latitude; thence due west along 38°00' north latitude to the coast of Sicily; thence following the northern coast of Sicily to Trapani (38°02' N latitude; and 12°32' E longitude); thence along a rhumb line to Cape Bon (Ras el Tib) at 37°08' N latitude; and 11°00' E longitude; thence westwards following the coast of Tunisia to the starting point.

Central Mediterranean (Subarea 37.2)
All marine waters bounded, to the west, by a line running from Cape Bon (Ras el Tib) (at 37°08' N latitude; 11°00'E longitude) in a northeasterly direction to Trapani (38°02'N latitude; 12°32'E longitude); thence in a southeasterly direction along the coast of Sicily to a point on the northeast coast of Sicily at latitude 38°00'N; thence across the Strait of Messina due east to the southwest coast of Italy and bounded, to the east, by a line running from the northern bank of the Corinth Canal across the said Canal and in a southerly direction along the coast of the Peloponnese to a point at longitude 23°00'E; thence due south to latitude 34°00'N; thence due east to longitude 25°00'E; thence due south to the coast of Libya.

Adriatic (Division 37.2.1)
The waters of the Adriatic Sea north of a line running from the Albanian northern frontier on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea due west to Cape Gargano at 41°49'N latitude and 16°12'E longitude on the coast of Italy.

Ionian (Division 37.2.2)
The waters of the Central Mediterranean bounded by a line commencing at 25°00' east longitude on the coast of north Africa running due north to 34°00' north latitude; thence due west to 23°00' east longitude; thence due north to the Greek coast of the Peloponnese; thence in a northerly direction along the coast of the Peloponnese to the Corinth Canal; thence across the Corinth Canal following the west coast of Greece and the coast of Albania to its northern frontier on the Adriatic Sea; thence due west along parallel 41°49'N to Cape Gargano on the coast of Italy; thence following the coast of Italy to 38°00' north latitude; thence due west along 38°00' north latitude, across the Strait of Messina, to the coast of Sicily, thence following the east and south coasts of Sicily to Trapani at 38°02'N 12°32'E; thence along a rhumb line from Trapani to Cape Bon (Ras el Tib) at 37°08' N latitude and 11°00'E longitude on the Tunisian coast; thence southwards and eastwards following the coast of north Africa to the starting point.

Eastern Mediterranean (Subarea 37.3)
All marine waters bounded by a line commencing at a point, on the coast of north Africa at 25°00'E longitude, running due north to 34°00'N latitude; thence due west to 23°00'E longitude; thence due north to the southern coast of Greece on the Peloponnese, thence running due north across the Corinth Canal; thence running north, east and south along the coast of Greece to Cape Hellas at 40°02'N latitude - 26°12'E longitude; thence across the Dardanelles to Kumkale at 40°00'N latitude - 26°13'E longitude; thence in a southerly direction along the coast of Turkey and other countries of the Eastern Mediterranean; thence in a westerly direction across the northern entrance to the Suez Canal; thence along the coast of north Africa to the starting point.

Aegean (Division 37.3.1)
The waters of the Aegean Sea and adjacent waters bounded by a line commencing on the southern coast of Greece on the Peloponnese at 23°00' east longitude running due south to 34°00' north latitude; thence due east to 29°00' east longitude; thence due north to the coast of Turkey; thence following the western coast of Turkey to Kumkale at 40°00'N latitude, 26°13'E longitude; thence along a rhumb line across the Dardanelles running from Kumkale to Cape Hellas at 40°02'N latitude 26°12'E longitude; thence following the coasts of Turkey and Greece to the starting point.

Levant (Division 37.3.2)
The waters of the Mediterranean Sea east of a line commencing on the coast of north Africa at 25°00'E longitude running due north to 34°00' north latitude; thence due east to 29°00' east longitude; thence due north to the coast of Turkey; thence following the coasts of Turkey and other countries of the Eastern Mediterranean and across the northern entrance to the Suez Canal and along the coast of North Africa to the starting point.

Black Sea (Subarea 37.4)
comprises the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

Note to Subarea 37.4

In 1989 the "Black Sea" Subarea 37.4 was subdivided into three divisions on the basis of the following considerations:

1)The species found in the Sea of Marmara are not found in the Black Sea proper. It is misleading for scientific analysis to mix fauna of the Marmara Sea with the Black Sea.
2)Because of the damming of the rivers flowing into the Sea of Azov, salinity had increased markedly. Species composition of the fauna had changed and it was deemed important to monitor the changes in the Sea of Azov.

Marmara Sea (Division 37.4.1)
The waters of the Marmara Sea bounded on the west by a line running from Cape Hellas to Kumkale at the entrance of the Dardanelles; and on the east by a line running across the Bosporus from Kumdere to Kuruköy.

Black Sea (Division 37.4.2)
The waters of the Black Sea and adjacent waters bounded on the southwest by a line running across the Bosporus from Kumdere to Kuruköy and bounded on the northeast by a line running across the Kerch Strait from Takil Piont (45°06'N latitude, 36°27'E longitude) on the Kerch peninsula to Panagija Point (45°08'N latitude, 36°38'E longitude) on the Taman peninsula.

Azov Sea (Division 37.4.3)
The waters of the Azov Sea north of a line running along the southern entrance of the Kerch Strait, commencing from Takil Point at 45°06'N latitude and 36°27'E longitude on the Kerch peninsula, and running across the Strait to Panagija Point at 45°08'N and 36°38'E on the Taman peninsula.

 
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