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EAF Steps

Activity 1.1 - Initial process planning and determining stakeholder support

Purpose

Provide overall guidance on how to undertake all elements of the EAF planning process.

Overview

A number of comprehensive ‘Guides’ has been developed to assist one or more regions to implement EAF (or a related acronym) for their fisheries. Each of the guides even if not specifically called EAF, has material that is consistent with the steps outlined in the EAF Toolbox.

The tools and activities included in each of these guides are tailored to the circumstances in the regions for which it was developed so there are different emphases on the tools that are presented. Essentially each of these guides provides the set of potential tools that were relevant for use in these regions.

EAF Tool Tips

The 2002 Australian ESD how to guide was designed for use in regions with high capacity and resources and no food security issues, therefore some of the sections may not be as applicable in many developing countries. There have been a number of additional developments and refinements in the tools from when they were first described in this guide. This is especially the case for the risk analysis which has now been refined to a 4 x 4 set of categories from the original 5 x 6 version (see below).

The EAFM Tuna guide uses the same basic approach was was developed for Australian fisheries above but is focused on the issues facing these fisheries in the Pacific so it includes methods for use in low capacity situations. The term problem analysis was chosen to cover non formal risk assessment due to the concern about the use of the term ‘risk’ by some stakeholder groups.

The EAF guide for Africa is a further refinement on these methods using fully EAF compliant terminology and is most focused on dealing with small scale and artisanal fisheries where food security is a major issue. This guide also has a number of training exercises in the appendix to assist with facilitators and participants learn more about the EAF methodology.

The Community based guide to implementing the ecosystem approach was developed for use in local fisheries within the Pacific region where the main management and administration would not be driven by centrally based fisheries agencies.

The simple guide to writing a management plan was designed and tested in India by a collaboration with the Fisheries Departments of three Indian states: Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal.

A joint FAO - World Fish Centre project developed guidelines for the assessment and advice for small scale fisheries. The document presents the principles and processes for integrated assessment and advice in small-scale fisheries. The first chapter discusses failures of conventional assessment and management approaches. Chapter 2 presents the conceptual origins and principles of integrated assessment of small-scale fisheries. The framework is then introduced and places the assessment within the broader planning and management cycle. The final chapter discusses the implementation of the IAA framework.

The most recent holistic guide to assist in the implementation of the entire EAF planning and implementation process will be the companion set of technical guidelines for the EAF Toolbox. These guidelines will expand on each of the EAF steps and activities and will have links to the toolbox factsheets and are designed for use by those who intend to become expert in this process and especially for those people who will be the facilitators or lead the EAF planning team.

EAF Tool Pedigree

Most of the guides are based on the Australian ESD reporting framework developed by the Fisheries Research & Development Corporation (FRDC) - ESD Reporting and Assessment Subprogram (Fletcher et al., 2002) which was subsequently adapted for use on the Tuna Fisheries of the Western Central Pacific region (Fletcher, 2008, 2010) and more recently for use in Africa (FAO, 2011). The FAO/WFC small scale fishery guidelines were developed with input from a wide variety of participants. The EAF Toolbox guidelines have been developed with input from many experts who have direct experience in implementing EAF across a number of different types of fisheries and in a wide variety of situations.

EAF Tool Synergy

These guides have synergies with all tools.

EAF Tool Usage

Easy

Cost

Low

These guides are all freely available

EAF Tool Capacity

Low – Moderate

They have been written for use by those that have minimal knowledge about EAF.

Background Requirements

Low – Moderate

The guides do not require any additional formal knowledge apart from what is already available.

Participation

Low

These guides are written for use by the project team and facilitators they are not really designed for wide circulation and use by all stakeholders attending the meetings. They can be provided to anyone who requests. Most have summaries that could be circulated more widely.

Time Range

Short – Moderate

While the guides can be downloaded quickly it may take some time for the individual to read and comprehend what they contain before they can be used with confidence.

Source of Information

Fletcher, W. et al. 2002 National ESD Reporting Framework for Australian Fisheries: The 'How To' Guide for Wild Capture Fisheries.  Internet resource
Fletcher W. 2010 Planning processes for the management of the tuna fisheries of the Western and Central Pacific Region using an Ecosystem Approach. Internet resource
FAO 2011 A Guide to Implementing an Ecosystem Approach (EAF) for the fisheries in Africa – in draft form
Garcia et al., 2008 Towards integrated assessment and advice in small-scale fisheries: principles and processes. FAO Technical paper Internet resource
King & Fa’asili 2010 A community based ecosystem approach to fisheries management: Guidelines for pacific island countries. Internet resource
Hindson et al. 2005 How to Manage a Fishery: A simple guide to writing a fisheries management plan.  Internet resource
FAO 2012 The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) management planning and implementation: A technical guide and supporting tools for decision-makers and advisors (in final draft form)

Other Relevant References

FAO 2003 Fisheries management 2. The ecosystem approach to fisheries. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries 4 (Supplement 2). 112pp.
FAO 2008. Human dimensions of the ecosystem approach to fisheries: an overview of context, concepts, tools and methods. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 489. 
 
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