Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger
Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Step 1: Initiation and Scope
The first step in undertaking comprehensive planning processes such as for EAF, should begin with the formation of an EAF project team and the development of a ‘roadmap’. This should outline the key drivers (internal and external) for undertaking the process, the expectations and motivations of the proponents, document the relevant stakeholders, likely impediments, the human and financial resources available and the specific set of methods to be used. This can be very brief document (e.g. for a small community based fishery) or a very detailed and comprehensive project plan and analysis (e.g. for a major fishery sector) which can be used to assist obtain formal endorsement, political backup and operational support from the relevant stakeholders and decision-making authority (central or local) to proceed.
EAF planning should not proceed until there is sufficient support and the scope of the exercise is at a practical level. A perceived lack of information should not, however, be used as an excuse to delay initiation because EAF deals with such situations.
With agreement to proceed, it is essential to formally define the scope and scale of the fishing activities, communities and geographic areas that will (or will not) be covered by the planning process. This may require clarifying any uncertainties about which agencies have management responsibility for the area and/or ecological resources under consideration.
This scoping should also identify the relevant societal/community values and high level objectives (e.g. fisheries, environment, economic etc.) to be achieved and their hierarchy. These underpin the operational objectives targeted by management and affect which management options will generate better stakeholder compliance. All of these decisions plus summaries of any relevant background material should be documented in a a scoping (EAF Baseline) report.
(i) formation of an EAF project team and identifying the team leader.
(ii) a roadmap that includes the specific methods and EAF tools to be used during the planning process, that identifies stakeholders, participants, resources, timing, timelines, etc.
(iii) a decision to proceed or not with EAF management planning at this time.
(iv) if proceeding, a scoping or baseline document that clarifies what fishing activities are to be managed, the community objectives to be achieved, social values to be observed plus a summary of information about the fishery and it’s associated resources useful for the rest of the EAF process.