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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2003)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: April 2018

    The Kingdom of Bahrain has a coastline of 950 km, a continental shelf of approximately 10 000 km2 and a land territory of around 760 km2. It has a population of 1 493 000 people (2017) which includes a significant number of non-nationals. The sea and coastal area of Bahrain are characterized by extreme meteorological and hydrological conditions with water temperatures varying from around 18°C in winter to 35°C in summer, very high evaporation rates and high salinities. Bahrain shares the Persian Gulf with a number of other coastal countries and many of the exploited fishery stocks are transboundary. 

    Fisheries are insignificant from an economic point of view in Bahrain. However, they provide food, economic activity and employment for many coastal villages, including non-Bahrainis. Fisheries are entirely artisanal in nature. No large-scale industrial fisheries have been undertaken since the 1998 prohibition on industrial trawling activities. In 2016 it was estimated that 2 521 vessels, mainly gillnetters and long liners made up the fishing fleet. The employment estimate was 11 821 men, with a further 46 engaged in aquaculture.    

    In 2016, total capture fisheries landings were estimated at 15 000 tonnes. The shrimp fishery is traditionally the most important fishery in Bahrain. Although total catches have shown a general increasing trend since the mid-1980s, the species composition of landings has changed significantly with declines in catches of some originally targeted species (e.g. groupers) being compensated by increases in the catch of crustaceans (shrimps and crabs) and of other finfish. 

      In 2017, the value of fish and fishery imports was USD 46.7 million, with exports and re-exports valued at USD 38.9 million. The average per capita annual consumption of fish in 2016 was estimated at 11.6 kg. 

    In 2016, aquaculture production was estimated at 6 tonnes. There are currently no real commercial fish farming operations, but there are opportunities and local interest for aquaculture development. 
     
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    Updated 2003The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.


    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_BH.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive

     

     
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