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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2003)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 06-2015

    The Comoros archipelago is physically made up of four volcanic islands (Grand Comore or Njazidja; Moheli or Mwali; Anjouan or Nzwani; Mayotte) totaling 1 861 km2 with 427 km of coastline. However, Mayotte voted against independence from France in 1974 and is administered as a French overseas department. With the exception of the Moheli and some smaller islands, which have a more extensive continental shelf, the islands are characterized by very deep water very close to the shore.

    Although the Comoros has a 12 mile territorial sea and a 200 mile exclusive zone, the fisheries in the Comoros are primarily small-scale in nature with an estimated annual production of about 10 000 tonnes. In addition to local capture production, for the period between 2007 and 2012 the FAO database includes also an average of about 22 000 tonnes per year caught by vessels flagged in the Comoros fishing in the EEZs of other West African countries. The fisheries in the island waters are conducted with small open fiberglass boats with engines and with traditional canoes made of wood with outriggers without engines. The main fishing gear used is hooks and lines to catch demersal fish. In 2012, a total of 5 800 vessels were reported with nearly seventy percent of unpowered vessels. 10 000 fishers were reported for this same time period. Inland fishing is extremely limited due to the scarcity of rivers, watercourses and lakes. Aquaculture is nonexistent.

    Fish plays an important role in the food security of the country, with an estimated per capita consumption of 25.2 kg in 2011. Almost all fish is consumed fresh on the island.

    Exports of fish and fishery products are generally very limited. In 2013, imports were estimated at USD 3 million, with the bulk being composed by prepared and preserved fish.

    The Comoros is signatory of many United Nations conventions including: the Biodiversity Convention, the Convention on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) and the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands). These have been signed but, none has been ratified.

    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - The Union of the Comoros

    Shelf area 1 602 km2 Sea around us:
    Length of continental coastline 340 km

    World By Map:

    Fisheries GVA Not available  

    Key statistics

    Country area1 861km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area1 861km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area0km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.0.892millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area165 126km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Employment and Fleet Statistics – The Union of the Comoros

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 8 7.70 10.40 10.40 11.40 11.40
      Capture 8 8 7.70 10.40 10.40 11.40 11.40
        Marine 8 8 7.70 10.40 10.40 11.40 11.40
    FLEET(thousands vessels) ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2003The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/fr/FI_CP_KM.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


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