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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2008)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 05-2015

    The Republic of Cabo Verde is composed of 9 islands, Santo Antão, São Vicente, São Nicolao, Sal, Boavista, Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava, with an important role played by fisheries in the economy in terms of employment, livelihood, food and nutrition. The sector reported around 4 800 full time fishers. In 2011, per capita fish consumption was estimated at 12.2 kg accounting for about 10 percent of total animal proteins.

    In 2012 total capture production was about 20 200 tonnes with tunas providing about 66 percent of total catch. Currently 13 vessels are registered as tuna fishing fleet of Cabo Verde under ICCAT.

    Much of the tunas, as well as lobsters and cephalopods are exported and they provide the nation with sizable foreign exchange earnings. In 2013, exports of fish and fishery products, valued at USD 58.4 million, and represented 84 percent of total merchandise trade. Exports of tuna had a share of 56 percent of the total value of fishery exports. Imports were worth USD 4.5 million.

    Aquaculture is almost non-existent and no production data has been reported to FAO, although in December 2009, a EUR 1.35 million shrimp farm jointly financed by the Dutch government and a Brazilian company was announced. The farm is under construction on the Island of Sao Vicente and will soon become operational with planned production of 80 tonnes of shrimp per year initially. A second farm (Tilapia), still a joint venture between the Netherlands’s Private Sector Investment Programme and Brazil’s Universo Pescados do Ceará is also under construction, or a cost of EUR 1.23 million, it is located on Sao Vicente Island, covers about 20 hectares and is expected to produce an estimated 300 tonnes of Tilapia per year. The Tilapia produced will be used as live bait for tuna fishing in Cabo Verde. 

    The current government policy of introducing capital intensive tuna industry using large industrial vessels is being questioned. The policy is considered to affect livelihoods of many small-scale tuna fishermen and the isolated communities dependent on tuna resources as well as the rest of the catch which consist mainly of small pelagics for domestic consumption. In addition there are small canneries on the islands that provide employment.

    Cabo Verde has recently renegotiated its third party access agreement with the European Union. Concerns linked to this protocol include monitoring and surveillance of the foreign vessels fishing in Cabo Verdean waters, monetary values per tonne of fish caught, a high percentage of shark species targeted by the European vessels and the ability of the Government to negotiate the policy and research component of the financial contribution established in the protocol.

    Cabo Verde is Party to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea since August 1987. It is Party to the 1993 FAO Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas (“Compliance Agreement”) since January 2006.

    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data – Republic of Cabo Verde

    Shelf area 5 382 km2 Sea around us:
    Length of continental coastline 965 km

    World By Map:

    Fisheries GVA Not available  

    Key statistics

    Country area4 030km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area4 030km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area0km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.0.535millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area804 694km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)1 977millionsWorld Bank. 2018
    GDP per capita (current US$)3 635US$World Bank. 2018
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added5.26% of GDPWorld Bank. 2018

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Employment and Fleet Statistics – Republic of Cabo Verde

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 5.10 5.20 4.90 14.20
      Capture 3.30 5.10 5.20 4.90 14.20
        Marine 3.30 5.10 5.20 4.90 14.20
    FLEET(thousands vessels) ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants


    Updated 2008The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Texte complet du Profil des pêches et de l’aquaculture disponible sur /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/fr/FI_CP_CV.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


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