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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2018)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: May 2018

    The Czech Republic is a land-locked country, with its rivers Elbe, Odra and Morava (as a tributary of the Danube River) running towards three different seas, i.e. the North Sea, the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea. There are 76 000 km of running waters in the Czech Republic. There are few natural lakes, mostly small water bodies at high elevation, with little significance for fisheries, 107 dams and the reservoirs have a total water area of 27 000 ha.

    Commercial fisheries are negligible and fishery management focuses on recreational fishing. Angling is the only legal form of recreational fishing which, with some 300 000  anglers, is locally commercially quite important but the fishing sector as a whole plays a marginal role in the national economy. Employment in the fishery sector is only a small fraction of total employment in Czech Republic.

    Aquaculture offers some limited opportunities around large towns and along the northern border, where water supplies are more regular.  Aquaculture operations are slowly developing as niche markets, particularly catering to restaurants for wealthier classes 

    Fisheries are under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1991, the Czech Fish Farmers Association was formed. Today, this association has more than 60 members. The association is a member of FEAP and manages 80 percent of the national pond area and produces about 85 percent of the fish on the Czech market. Between 1993 and 1995, all State-controlled fish production enterprises in the Czech Republic were privatized. From the original 20 large production enterprises, about 40 large companies and several small farms were formed.

    Although generally not well known, ornamental fish (koi carp, goldfish, garden-pond fish and tropical aquarium fish species) have a very significant place in total aquaculture production of the Czech Republic. Based on production figures, the Czech Republic is among the largest world producer and exporter of freshwater ornamental and aquarium fish.

    Total fishery production is very stable since 2000 at around 24 000 tonnes per year, of which average 84 percent came from aquaculture and the balance from inland capture fisheries were around 4 000 tonnes. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 362 million and exports USD 204 million. Estimated per capita fish consumption amounted to about 8.9 kg in 2016.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area78 870km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area77 230km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area1 640km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.10.722millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2018The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_CZ.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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