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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2003)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 05-2015

    There are 20 major fishing ports along the 1 280 km coastline of Algeria. The continental shelf is approximately of 13 700 km2 and the fishing zone is of about 95 000 km2. In 2013 the total of recorded vessels operating from these ports was estimated at 4 569 from which 526 were trawls and 1 231 purse seiners.

    Marine capture production is stable between 100 000 and 105 000 tonnes since 2011. Bulk of the catches are small pelagic species. No inland catches are reported.

    Aquaculture production is still marginal with the production of 2 200 tonnes in 2013, consisting 1 560 tonnes of carps grown in freshwater, 350 tonnes of gilthead seabream from brackishwater and a very small amount of mussels and oysters. Most of the harvest is sold fresh in local markets. Currently, Algeria is teaming up with an Asian country in an effort to develop marine shrimp seed production and grow-out culture in the country.

    Exports of fish and fishery products are rather limited and decreased by 57 percent in the period 2008–2013, due to declining catches. However, in 2014, they increased by 22 percent, reaching USD 7.0 million. During the period 2008-2014, Algeria’s imports of fish and fishery products increased by 336 percent, reaching USD 136.1 million in 2014. The annual consumption per capita is rather low, at an estimated 3.9 kg in 2012.

    In Algeria, the fisheries sector provided 43 700 jobs in 2013.

    Fisheries and aquaculture development are under the responsibility of the Ministry for fisheries and aquatic resources that was created in 2000 to support fisheries development as a potential livelihood sector. Since 2001, Algeria has enacted a legislation on fisheries and aquaculture. It has recently modernised its National Center for Fisheries and Aquaculture Research and Development (2008).

    In general, the fishery resources are not fully exploited. Possibilities exist in particular for the development of artisanal fisheries, especially on the rocky bottoms and of small pelagic fisheries. The fishery industry requires an important effort of modernization and investments, notably for the rehabilitation of the aging fleet (average age of the boats: 20 years) and of the processing facilities.

    Aquaculture development has been identified as a strategic priority by the Government which has recently launched an ambitious development programme aiming to create 10 000 direct jobs in the sector in the next five years, and up to 50 000 indirect ones by 2025, by putting 100 000 hectares under cultivation for a target production of 30 000 tonnes per year for export and domestic consumption. Particular emphasis has been given to the development of aquaculture in the desert and arid lands of the country. The main issues affecting aquaculture development are related to: feed availability; limited aquaculture experience by scientists and farmers; production and distribution of seed, and for freshwater aquaculture, high water temperature especially during summer months.

    Algeria has been Party to the 1982 UN Convention of the Law of the Sea since 11 June 1996.

    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data – The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

    Shelf area 10 525 km2 Sea around us:
    Length of continental coastline 1 644 km
    Fisheries GDP Not available  

    Key statistics

    Country area2 381 740km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area2 381 740km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area0km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.39.329millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area131 138km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)170 371millionsWorld Bank. 2017
    GDP per capita (current US$)4 123US$World Bank. 2017
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added12.26% of GDPWorld Bank. 2017

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Employment and Fleet Statistics - The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 6.40 19.30 27.00 41.50 43.70 43.50 44.50
      Capture 6.40 19.30 27.00 41.50 43.70 43.50 44.50
        Inland 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
        Marine 6.40 19.30 27.00 41.50 43.70 43.50 44.50
    FLEET(thousands vessels) n.a. n.a. 2.60 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2003The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/fr/FI_CP_DZ.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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