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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: February 2015

    FGeorgia is located in the central and western parts of the Caucasus in Eastern Europe. The country is rich in hydrobiological resources through the Black Sea and the numerous rivers, reservoirs and lakes. Georgia is rich in inland water resources. There are several thousand rivers and streams in the country, of which about 90 are considered important with an estimated total length of 5 000 km. The number of lakes is about 860, with a total area of almost 16 900 ha. The total length of 36 main irrigation canals is 1 296 km, while the total area of water reservoirs is about 23 000 ha.

    The coastline of Georgia to the Black Sea is 310 km long, while maritime claims in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) are 12 nm territorial sea and 200 nm exclusive economic zones (EEZ). The total Georgian territorial sea area is about 6 900 km2, while the area of its EEZ is about 115 000 km2.

    Capture fisheries and aquaculture productions in 2017 were estimated at 99 600 tonnes and 700 tonnes respectively. The number of marine fishing vessels in Georgia is small and was estimated as 26 in 2017. In 2017 the total employment in fisheries and aquaculture was estimated at 6 370 people with fewer than 500 in aquaculture.

    Although aquaculture in Georgia was well established in the 1950s, the number of aquaculture farms has been gradually diminishing.

    Restoration of independence in 1991 found the country in a difficult economic and social situation. The marine fishing fleet virtually disappeared and catches sharply decreased. As a result, marine resources are neither fully nor properly exploited. In inland fisheries and aquaculture similar decline was experienced. At present there are approximately 40 operating fish farms with a total area of 2 450 ha.

    The level of fish consumption in Georgia is low. Before gaining independence the average fish consumption/capita/year was 19 kg. In 2016 it was only about 8.2 kg. Nevertheless, to meet the domestic needs for fishery products, the country also relies on imports of fish and fish products, representing a total value of USD 43.6 million in 2017. Exports of fish and fish products were USD 21.6 million in the same year, with Turkey representing the main market.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area69 700km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area69 490km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area210km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.4.11millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area22 907km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)17 600millionsWorld Bank. 2018
    GDP per capita (current US$)4 717US$World Bank. 2018
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added6.76% of GDPWorld Bank. 2018

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_GE.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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