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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2018)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: February 2015

    With a marine coastline of 80 km that is enriched by the nutrients that flow from the Gambia River, the Gambia’s marine waters attract many commercial species which feed and spawn in the area. There is also considerable potential for freshwater fisheries, such as tilapia, African bony tongue and catfishes. However, the periodic droughts that affect water flows also impact on marine and estuarine fisheries productivity.

    Fisheries were estimated to represent about 1.8 percent of GDP in 2013. The artisanal sector is the major producer of fish with around 90 percent consumed domestically – especially in the coastal areas. Fish is the cheapest source of animal protein and traditional processing methods are important for making it available to consumers, especially in rural areas. The sector is dominated by small-scale private entrepreneurs.

    The industrial sector is foreign-dominated. Most of its catches are landed and processed outside the country. There are about twenty locally registered fishing companies. In 2016, the unpowered small boats were estimated at 1082 while the powered, undecked vessel were estimated at 648.

    In 2016, total capture production amounted to over 58 261 tonnes, of which 55 686 tonnes from marine catches and 2 575 tonnes from inland water catches. A total of 4 659 fishers were employed in 2015, 3 237 in marine and 1 422 in inland water.

    Aquaculture production is still negligible, although tilapia farming in homestead ponds in rice-growing areas dates back to the 1970’s. Estimated aquaculture production was around 35 tonnes in 2016, including 20 tonnes of oyster and 15 tonnes of freshwater fishes, principally tilapia.

    In 2017 exports were valued at USD 3.4 million and the value of imports at USD 0.5 million. Per capita fish consumption is rather high (about 28.3 kg in 2016), particularly along the coast
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area11 300km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area10 120km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area1 180km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.2.188millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area23 184km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)1 633millionsWorld Bank. 2018
    GDP per capita (current US$)716.12US$World Bank. 2018
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added19.87% of GDPWorld Bank. 2018

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2018The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_GM.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


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