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Part1Series1

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2007)

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    Part1Series1

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 12-2016

    Over the past decades the fishing industry in Grenada has evolved from one that was essentially artisanal to a more commercialized fishery, harvesting a tropical multispecies stock. Today, the fisheries sector has become a major source of employment and income, a significant contributor to food supply and food security, and a foreign exchange earner. The fisheries sector contributed 31 percent of the agricultural GDP and 1.5 percent of the national GDP in 2012.

    In 2014 annual catches reported to FAO amounted to 2 800 tonnes. About 70 percent of the reported landings are of tuna and tuna-like fishes, most notably yellowfin and blackfin tunas and Atlantic sailfish. Dolphinfish, red hind, and parrotfishes were also landed in relatively large quantities. Catches of Caribbean spiny lobster in 2014 were reported at 31 tonnes, well below the peak catches of over 72 tonnes in 1999 but on an increasing trend in comparison to previous years. There has been no reported commercial aquaculture production in Grenada for the last decade.

    In 2012 there were about 3250 fishermen, 86 percent of them full-time. In 2012 the fleet was composed of 904 fishing boats with 90 percent motorized. In the last decade and a half, outboard motors have become very common, although they have been found to be expensive to operate compared to boats powered by in-board diesel engines. During the last few years, successful attempts were made to expand large pelagic fisheries, and this has led to a growing number of longline boats. The secondary sector involves 70 vendors, 13 boat builders, 5 exporters with plant facilities and 5 exporters.

    Annual per-capita fish consumption in Grenada was estimated at 28.7 kg in 2011. The fish catch in Grenada is mainly marketed fresh, fresh on ice and, to a lesser extent, frozen. There are six main market centers on the island of Grenada and one on Carriacou. Seasonal supply, species preference and the limited buying power of the consumers affect fish marketing. Import levels reflect certain traditional preferences for processed fish. A part of the production is exported intra-regionally to islands such as Martinique and Guadeloupe, especially from the Island of Carriacou. In 2014, exports of fish and fish products were estimated at USD 7.6 million and imports at USD 3.2 million.

    The Government of Grenada has implemented a policy aiming to develop the fisheries sector and to increase its contribution to income, employment and foreign exchange earnings. The country is actively promoting the application of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in its fisheries management and is interested in the application of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF). The Government’s main efforts concentrate on the following challenging issues:

    • How to increase production from the migratory oceanic pelagic resources in the medium and long-term. The strategy encourages private entrepreneurs to use larger ice-boats (30-45 foot) that have proven to meet cost/benefit requirements.
    • Promotion of aquaculture development (tilapia and freshwaters prawns) as an alternative to capture fisheries and as an avenue for agricultural diversification.
    • Engage in human resource development of fishers by administering training in appropriate fishing technology, safety at sea, business and financial management, and to encourage participation in social security.
    • Encourage increased harvesting of underutilized and unutilized species for export and domestic consumption.
    • Increased collaboration with neighboring island states in relation to their involvement in fisheries, through Grenada’s membership in the CARICOM Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) and the implementation of the recently adopted Caribbean Common Fisheries Policy.


    Since April 1991, Grenada is Party to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. The country has not ratified the 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement, the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement and 2009 FAO Port State Measures Agreement. However, at the 14th session of Western Central Atlantic fishery Commission, (WECAFC) in 2012, the country actively supported a resolution to strengthen the implementation of international fisheries instruments in the region.
     
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - Grenada

        Source
    Shelf area 2 709km Sea Around Us Project: http://www.seaaroundus.org/
    Length of continental coastline 121 km World by Map: http://world.bymap.org/
    Fisheries GVA (2012) 1,4% National GDP

    Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM): Statistics and Information Report 2012



    Key statistics

    Source
    Country area340km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area340km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area-km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.0.107millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2017
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area25 577km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)1 016millionsWorld Bank. 2016
    GDP per capita (current US$)9 469US$World Bank. 2016
    Agriculture, value added7.33% of GDPWorld Bank. 2016

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics – Grenada

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 1.75 2.18 2.81 3.25 3.41 3.50
      Aquaculture
      Capture 1.70 1.75 2.18 2.81 3.25 3.41 3.50
        Inland
        Marine 1.70 1.75 2.18 2.81 3.25 3.41 3.50
                       
    FLEET(thousands vessels) 0.85 0.78 0.80
                       
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up


    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.

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    Updated 2007The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.


    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_GD.pdf

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