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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: June 2019

    The Republic of Iraq has a short coastline (59 km) that borders the Gulf. There have been major environmental changes to the coastal habitat as well as in the Shatt Al-Arab inland waters, as a result of dam activities and the draining of marsh areas (reduced by over 90 percent).

    Inland water capture production in 2017 was about 28900 tonnes, a sharp decline from 53460 tonnes in 2013. Catches in marine waters were about 6300 in 2017.

    The main fishing gears used in marine fishing are gill nets, traps and shrimp trawls operated with the 332 estimated fishing vessels in 2017 with a further 6 500 small inland boats. Total employment in 2017 for the sector was 1 521 people in the inland sector with a further 832 reported for marine coastal fishing.

    Aquaculture has been practiced since 1970s. Despite the availability of water resources, freshwater aquaculture production is limited and is dominated by extensive and semi-intensive pond culture of the common carp. Other farmed species include grass carp, silver carp, mullet and local barbs. The aquaculture sector is operated both at the public and private sector level and is mostly active in the central and southern regions of the country. The annual production reached around 5 000 tonnes in the late 1980s. During the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq, aquaculture production dropped mainly due to the limited supply of hatchery-produced fish fingerlings. According to more recent statistics from the General Board of Fish Resource Development, aquaculture production has increased in recent years, from 14000 tonnes in 2004 to a record high of 31800 tonnes in 2017.

    Apparent fish consumption was estimated at 2.6 kg/capita in 2016. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were estimated at USD 148 million and exports at USD 80 000.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area435 240km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Land area434 320km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area920km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.41.503millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area1 189km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_IQ.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


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