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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2018)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: February 2015

    Fish production in Israel is divided into two main areas, marine (the Mediterranean and the Red seas) and freshwater (Lake Kinneret-Sea of Galilee). Total fishery production in the 2016 was about 16 500 tonnes. The bulk of production comes from aquaculture (91 percent), capture production from the Mediterranean accounts for 6 percent and the inland water fisheries for 2 percent, whereas catches from the Red Sea are marginal. The Israeli Mediterranean coastline is widespread over 273 km, with six main fishing ports. The edible fish produced by freshwater aquaculture sector are oriented toward the domestic market. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 627.5 million, compared with USD 19.5 millions of exports. Although imports account for the largest share of total domestic supply of fish for human consumption, domestic fish production still represents a valuable source of animal protein and food for the population. Annual per capita fish consumption averaged about 22 kg in 2016. Economically, fisheries constitute a minor segment of total Israel GDP.

    Israel has a 12 nm territorial sea. Marine fishery is concentrated along the narrow continental shelf and has several segments: trawl, gillnets, longlines (both floating and bottom) and purse seines. Fishing is influenced by the oligotrophic nature of the Eastern Mediterranean Basin, pollution, overfishing of the coastal waters, political events and overdevelopment of these areas. The Mediterranean fishery catches reflect its multi-species nature with red mullets, shrimps, sharks, rays and groupers predominating. Mackerels and sardines are the principal pelagic species targeted by the purse seines. Boats have cruised to the limits of Israel maritime borders to fish for Atlantic bluefin tuna, swordfish, dolphin fish and greater amberjack. Lake Kinneret is not only used for fishing and tourism but also serves as the main freshwater reservoir for the country. Target species are St. Peter’s fish, mullets and silver carp. Recreational fishing has grown tremendously over the last years. Sport fishing for carp in Lake Kinneret has become a popular attraction as well.

    Aquaculture produced an estimated 19 000  tonnes of production in 2016 with about 17  000 tonnes from freshwater fish culture and  2 000 tonnes from mariculture.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area22 070km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area21 640km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area430km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.8.547millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area24 643km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2018The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_IL.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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