FAO Home>Fisheries & Aquaculture
FAO of the UN
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2018)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: March 2018

    Kazakhstan became an independent State in 1991 and is on its path to becoming an open economy. Although endowed with considerable aquatic resources where fisheries and aquaculture could thrive, priority is accorded to irrigation and hydropower in the use and allocation of water resources.

    The inland capture fisheries in the landlocked Republic of Kazakhstan saw a dramatic decline in production between 1991 and 2001 but after that year it recovered up to a peak in 2008. Since then, capture production has been around 40 000 tonnes per year. The aquaculture sector also experienced a similar production decline after its independence. Aquaculture production today, which consists mostly of carps and trouts, was nearly insignificant, ranging between 410 and 860 tonnes per year during in the past 5 years. In 2016: 1878 tonnes

    Fishing occurs mainly in the lower Ural River and from lakes Balkhash, Alakol lakes group, Aral Sea and from large reservoirs (Bukhtarma, Kapshagay, Shulba, Shardara) as well as from the northern Caspian Sea area. The bulk of fish production comes from the Ural-Caspian Basin, the Balkhash Alakol Basin and the Bukhtarma reservoir. Main species caught are sturgeons and roach in the Ural basin – with bream, carp and sander in other water bodies.

    Employment figures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector reported to FAO have changed considerably in recent years from over 20 800 people employed in inland waters fishing in 2008, to 10 599 people in 2016 (22% women). A further 118 women and 113 men were reported as working in aquaculture.

    Reported data in 2016 regarding the fishing fleet indicated 930 non-powered and 1 061 powered fishing vessels in operation.

    In recent years, the contribution of the fisheries sector (including capture and culture) to the gross domestic product (GDP) was less than 0.1 percent in 2009, accounting for 1 percent of agricultural GDP. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 79.7 million, while exports were worth USD 56.8 million. In 2016 the per capita consumption of fish was estimated at around 5 kg.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area2 724 902km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area2 699 700km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area25 202km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.17.531millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area114 144km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2018The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_KZ.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


    Powered by FIGIS