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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2007)

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 12-2016

    The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked country with a population of around 6 million in 2015. Of the total land area of 200 000 km2, 90 percent is mountainous, 60 percent rugged, and more than 50 percent at altitudes higher than 2 500 meters. The country is dominated by the agricultural sector, which also continues to dominate employment. In contrast to the land availability for agriculture the country has abundant water resources which can be used to develop the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

    The total area of surface water resources in the Kyrgyz Republic is about 719 654 ha. It has 1 923 lakes, with a total area of 672 343 ha and 59 reservoirs with a total area of 47 311 ha. The network of irrigation systems and 172 main rivers are 795 km and 3 399 km long. There are more than 250 springs and wells of mineral and thermal waters and 50 artesian basins. According to the aquaculture farm survey conducted by the FAO, in five main aquaculture provinces there are at least 108 pond aquaculture farms with a total extent of 1 534 ha (1 230 ha of pond water area) with a potential fish production of 2 000 tonnes per year. Seventy one fish species have been reported in the country, of which 50 are indigenous and 21 are introduced.

    With limited natural resources for capture fisheries, aquaculture and culture-based fisheries dominate the national fish production in the country. According to official statistics, the fish production decreased from the level around 1 400 tonnes in the first five years after independence to 300‒400 tonnes in 1993‒1997 and further down to a level of 110‒250 tonnes in 1998‒2002. Total capture production in 2014 was 227 tonnes but for 2015 only 31 tonnes were reported. National authorities were requested to provide explanation about such a sharp decline in capture production.

    Aquaculture production fluctuated between 300-400 tonnes in 2010-2013. But it reached 580 tonnes in 2014 and grew further to 1100 tonnes in 2015. Rainbow trout started to be one of the major species in the last two years and it contributed 34% to the total aquaculture production in 2015, according to national report.

    Mainstay in fisheries and aquaculture production is common carp and Chinese major carps. Weak enforcement of fishery management measures, which led to increase in illegal fishing, introduction of predatory fish species into natural lakes and improper fish stock enhancement and restocking resulted in depletion of inland fishery resources.

    In 2015, imports of fish and fish products were worth USD 10.1 million, while exports were negligible. There are four fish processing plants in the country largely depending on imported fish. Estimated per capita consumption of fish and fishery products amounted to 2.6 kg in 2013.

    There are two state-owned and one private fish hatcheries which deal with the propagation of cultured fish species. Their total production was 6.5 million common carp, 10.2 million Chinese major carps, 0.9 million Sevan trout and 1.9 million whitefish in 2010 mainly for the purpose to stock natural water bodies.

    The fisheries sector is governed by the Law on “Fish Industry” (1997). Other legislation of importance to the sector are “Veterinary Law”, Law on “Natural Areas of Preferential Protection”, Law on “Environmental Assessment”, Law on “Biosphere Territories”, Law on “Fauna”, Law on “Environmental Protection” and “The Water Code”. The Kyrgyz Republic actively participated in international, regional and bilateral cooperation, being a member of 11 international conventions and 3 protocols in the field of environmental protection.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - The Kyrgyz Republic

    Shelf area 0 (Landlocked country) -
    Length of continental coastline 0 (Landlocked country) -
    Fisheries GDP Not available -

    Key statistics

    Country area199 949km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Land area191 800km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area8 149km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.5.856millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics – The Kyrgyz Republic

    1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands)
    FLEET(thousands boats)
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Excluding aquatic plants
    2) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please Note:Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2007The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at http://www.fao.org/tempref/FI/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_KG.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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