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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2007)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 12-2016

    Over the past decade the fishing industry in Saint Lucia has evolved from one that was essentially artisanal to a more commercial fishery, harvesting a tropical multispecies stock. Total capture production in Saint Lucia was estimated at 2 068 tonnes in 2014, a maximum since 2001, mainly due to good catches of queen conch. Over 50 percent of annual fish catches comprises offshore migratory pelagics such as dolphin fish, wahoo and tuna and tuna-like species. Flying fish forms an important but variable component of the catch, and a multitude of shallow reef and coastal pelagic species are also key components of the catch. In 2015, 760 vessels were reported as Saint Lucia fleet.

    The fishery sector provides direct employment to 2 900 people in marine fishing and 137 people (21% women) directly employed in aquaculture. Moreover, the small-scale fishery sector contributes significantly to poverty reduction and food security. Aquaculture is still in embryonic stage with only 8 tonnes of Nile tilapia, 7 tonnes of giant river produced in 2014. A total of 15 tonnes of production.

    Annual per caput supply is estimated at about 23.8 kg in 2013. In addition, fish imports are needed to complement domestic production and to satisfy the demand from the tourism sector. In 2014, imports of fish and fishery products were estimated at USD 7.7 million, while fishery exports continued to be negligible.

    A number of efforts have been made towards diversification in the sector, including introduction of tilapia fish farming, mariculture and seaweed farming. These efforts are placed within the broader context of marine resource management, with an emphasis on community participation and sustainable use.

    Like all CARICOM members, Saint Lucia has been receiving technical assistance from the CARICOM Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM). Saint Lucia also received technical and financial assistance from the Government of Japan to improve port, landing, marketing and distribution facilities. It is foreseen that the Fish Complex in Anse la Raye and the aquaculture facility at Union, established with foreign assistance, will contribute to increased production in the coming years.

    The Government of Saint Lucia is supportive of the recently endorsed Caribbean Community Common Fishery Policy, but has not approved it yet. It has implemented a national policy aiming at modernizing the fisheries sector and at increasing its contribution to income, employment and foreign exchange earnings. The Government’s main efforts concentrate on the following issues:

    • development of the fishing industry in terms of modernization of fisheries infrastructure, fishing vessels and the use of improved fishing gear and methods;
    • promotion of self sufficiency through increased marine and aquaculture production;
    • advancement of the social and economic status of fishers and their families; and
    • improvement of the nutrition of the nation through the provision of increased volumes of production.

    The country ratified the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement and the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement. The 2009 FAO Port State Measures Agreement has not been ratified as yet.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - Saint Lucia

    Shelf area 593 km2

    Sea Around Us

    Length of continental coastline 158 km

    World by Map:

    Fisheries GVA (2012) 0,8% of National GDP

    Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM): Statistics and Information Report 2012

    Key statistics

    Country area620km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area610km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area10km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.0.188millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area15 470km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)1 712millionsWorld Bank. 2017
    GDP per capita (current US$)9 574US$World Bank. 2017
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added1.88% of GDPWorld Bank. 2017

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics – Saint Lucia

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 2.60 1.80 2.05 2.55 2.68 2.81 2.96
      Aquaculture 0.03 0.09 0.12 0.20 0.20
      Capture 2.60 1.80 2.02 2.46 2.56 2.61 2.76
        Marine 2.60 1.80 2.02 2.46 2.56 2.61 2.76
    FLEET(thousands vessels) 0.99 0.62 0.70 0.72 0.76
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2007The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_LC.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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