FAO Home>Fisheries & Aquaculture
FAO of the UN
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: May 2019

    Mauritius has one of the largest Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) of all countries in Southern and East Africa (1.28 million km2). There are disputed claims with the United Kingdom (Chagos archipelago including Diego Garcia) and France (Tromelin, Europa) over waters and island territories. Fisheries and aquaculture play an important socio-economic role in Mauritius. The country’s per capita fish consumption was estimated at 23.2 kg/person/year in 2016. This contribution raised the interest of the Government, leading to establishing an independent Fisheries Ministry in 2012, for the first time.

    In 2017, capture fisheries production reached about 25000 tonnes. Catches come from artisanal fisheries around Mauritius and Rodrigues Islands and from semi-industrial operations on Saya de Malha and Chagos fishing banks. These banks have been historically important providers of fish for the Mauritius population. Their exploitation has attained levels at which little further increase can be expected. Concentration is on management for sustainable production and value adding.

    In 2017, exports including re-exports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 434 million; in the same year, imports of tunas for local consumption and for re-exports accounted for almost 65 percent of total imports of fish and fishery products (USD 368 million).

    Mauritius has joint-venture as well as high-seas fishing interests. Over recent years, Mauritius has developed into a Seafood Hub and a centre of fishing business in the Western Indian Ocean. It has integrated shipping, reefer vessel charter, quay space, cold storage, and seafood processing, marketing and distribution into a special zone. In 2017 the fleet was estimated to contain 1 731 vessels, most undecked. Total fisheries employment was reported as 29 055 people. 291 of these were full-time deep-sea fishing, while the remainder was marine costal fisheries. Four percent of the people employed in marine coastal fishing were women. A further 129 people were reported in aquaculture and 18 percent of these were women.

    Aquaculture has been practiced in Mauritius for over three decades, but the production was negligible until 2004, when total production levels jumped from less than 50 tonnes in previous years to 350 tonnes due to the development of marine cage culture for red drum. In 2017 aquaculture production reached about 1250  tonnes and the two major species produced are red drum grown in marine cages and European seabass.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area2 040km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area2 030km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area10km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.1.357millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area1 282 422km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)14 220millionsWorld Bank. 2018
    GDP per capita (current US$)11 239US$World Bank. 2018
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added2.78% of GDPWorld Bank. 2018

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_MU.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


    Powered by FIGIS