The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2008)

    Additional information

    1. FAO Thematic data bases
    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 04-2017

    With a coastline of 718 km, the fisheries sector makes a significant contribution to the economy in Senegal. Capture production was 395 400 tonnes of marine fish and 30 000 tonnes of freshwater fish in 2015. The sector contributed 1.8 percent to the GDP in 2015 and provided more than 53 100 direct and an estimated 540 000 indirect jobs, mainly in artisanal fishing and processing. 147 decked fishing vessels were reported in 2015 with most being between 30-45 meters, length overall. A significant artisanal, undecked fleet of 8 053 powered vessels and 1 430 unpowered were also reported.

    Senegal is by far a net exporter of fish and fishery products, with exports reaching USD 353 million in 2015 and imports valued only 20 million in the same year. Fish and seafood contributed to about 43 percent of the intake of animal proteins in 2013, with a yearly consumption of 23.9 kg per person.

    Aquaculture was introduced in the early 1980s but has shown slow growth since then. The annual production was less than 100 tonnes until 2010. Following the establishment of the National Aquaculture Agency in 2010 the production increased tremendously in following years and reached 1200 tonnes in 2015 thanks mainly to the expansion in tilapia farming. The production in 2015 includes a total of 750 tonnes of Nile tilapia grown in freshwater ponds and blackchin tilapia in sea water and 450 tonnes of oysters and mussel from mariculture mainly aimed at high-income consumers in Dakar. Senegal has good potential for rice-fish culture development in the irrigated areas.

    A key issue for marine fisheries is the redeployment of the Senegalese industrial and artisanal fleet in the countries of the sub-region which have adopted policies restricting access to fishery resources in their EEZ and with whom Senegal has signed reciprocity agreements (Mauritania, Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone and Cape Verde). This, coupled with a weak system of governance, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU), insufficient competitiveness and low-value addition, has led to losses in market shares and income, especially in international markets such as the EU with stringent market access requirements. Inland fisheries has suffered from successive rainfall deficits (drought) in recent decades and changes in hydrological regimes of major rivers.

    In April 2014, the European Union and the Republic of Senegal have agreed upon a new five-year Fisheries Partnership that is tacitly renewed for 5-year periods.

    The World Bank has carried out the registration of fishing vessels in Senegal through a recent project to support the fight against IUU fishing.

    Senegal is a party to the UN Convention of 1982 on the Law of the Sea, the 1995 Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks and the 1993 Compliance Agreement.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data – The Republic of Senegal

    Shelf area:

    23,893 km²

    Ministère des Pêches et de l’Economie Maritime:

    Length of continental coastline: 531 km World by Map :
    Fisheries GDP (2015): 3,2% National GDP FAO
    *Value converted by FAO as per UN currency exchange rate

    Key statistics

    Country area196 710km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area192 530km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area4 180km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.15.251millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area158 936km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics – The Republic of Senegal

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 34.3 58.12 55.55 57.59 131.35 62.44 62.44
      Aquaculture 0.78 0.78
      Capture 34.3 58.12 55.55 56.81 130.57 62.44 62.44
        Inland 8 7.94 10
        Marine 34.3 50.12 47.61 56.81 120.57 62.44 62.44
    FLEET(thousands vessels) 3.66 3.37 3.24 12 11.41
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2008The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/fr/FI_CP_SN.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


    Powered by FIGIS