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Part1Series1

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2008)

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    Part1Series1

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 12-2016

    Located on the northern coast of South America and bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean, French Guiana, Guyana and Brazil, the country of Suriname has a coastline of 380 km and a continental shelf area of 54 550 km2. Fishing vessels operating in Surinamese waters are multi-species and multi-gear, with trawlers, snapper boats, open or decked wooden vessels and canoes. The various fishing fleets are defined as combinations of boat and gear, and the artisanal fleet is divided into coastal and inland fleets. Overall, the sector is divided into deep sea, coastal, brackish water and freshwater fisheries.

    In 2015 the production of capture fisheries was around 44 500 tonnes, with small shrimp (called seabob) accounting for about 6 300 tonnes. Three-quarters of the fish catch is caught by the artisanal fleet although other fisheries are developing as tuna catches began to be reported in 2012 and reached 4 700 tonnes in 2015. Total number of vessels reported in 2010 was around 950. In 2014 exports of fish and fishery products were estimated at USD 87.1 million, while imports at USD 4.4 million. The role of the fisheries sector in the economy of the country is seen as: assuring a reasonable animal protein supply for the local population (estimated per capita consumption amounted to 17.1 kg in 2010, with a contribution of about 16 percent to animal protein intake); providing jobs (some 3 800 in the primary sector and 2 300 in the secondary sector); assisting the balance of payment through export of fish and shrimp products; contributing 2.2 percent to national GDP; and contributing to the national budget through fees and income taxes.

    Aquaculture, especially small-scale freshwater aquaculture and rice-fish culture, is seen to have a good potential for improving livelihoods of poor rural households by generating income, increasing fish consumption and improving family nutrition. However, no significant progress has been made in this respect, with freshwater aquaculture production remaining at the level of over 10 tonnes so far. Out the 3 tonnes of total aquaculture production in 2014, 74 tonnes were of commercially cultured whiteleg shrimp by one company, which had gradually declined from its highest level of 370 tonnes in 2001-2002.

    Suriname’s fisheries sector is export-oriented and therefore highly sensitive to developments in the international markets. Traditionally Suriname exports in agricultural and fishery products to markets with high food standards such as Japan, the USA and the EU and recently to the Caribbean (CARICOM).

    The recently prepared (with FAO TCP/SUR/3301 support) sub-sector White Paper for the period 2012 -2016 noted as main issues the absence of a Fisheries Management Plan, outdated legislation, an inadequate monitoring surveillance and control system for marine resources and a low organizational level in the sector. Challenges to aquaculture development include high costs of inputs, limited export opportunities, limited value addition, limited access to financial services and the need to develop public-private partnerships. Animal health, quarantine and inspection services are urgently necessary for the development of the aquaculture sector. In addition, the country’s preparedness to participate in the new competitive environment and to comply with new trade agreements requires legislative reforms and updating of existing legislation, particularly to ensure food safety.

    Suriname is a Party to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Suriname has not ratified the 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement, the 1995 UN fish Stocks Agreement and 2009 FAO Port State Measures Agreement.
     
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data – The republic of Suriname

        Source
    Shelf area 53,738 km2 Sea around us: http://www.seaaroundus.org/
    Length of continental coastline 386 km World by Map: http://world.bymap.org/Coastlines.html

    Fisheries GDP

    (2012)

    2.2% Nat GDP CRFM Statistics and Information Report – 2012




    Key statistics

    Source
    Country area163 820km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area156 000km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area7 820km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.0.557millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2017
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area133 316km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics - The republic of Suriname

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 1.65 3.25 2.31
      Aquaculture 0.05
      Capture 1.65 3.2 2.31
        Inland 0.85 1.5 1.02
        Marine 0.8 1.7 1.29
                       
    FLEET(thousands vessels)
                       
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up


    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.

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    Updated 2008The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.


    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_SR.pdf

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