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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2018)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: April 2018

    Turkmenistan is located in Central Asia and borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and the Caspian Sea. Its territory is 488 100 km2, of which approximately 80 percent is Karakum desert. Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea. Its coastline with the Caspian Sea is 1,768 km.

    Fisheries sector is not very developed although it contributes to food security at a limited level. Per capita fish consumption is rather low, and in 2016 it was about 3.4 kg. Imports of fish and fishery products are limited too, and they were estimated at USD 2.3 million in 2017.

    Landings from Caspian Sea have dramatically decreased over the last decades. The country has not provided any information about its fishery production since many years and for 2016 FAO roughly estimated capture production amounting to 15 000 tonnes, lower than the 50 000 tonnes of late 1980s. Despite the intensified initiatives over the last years, aquaculture development had been rather slow and the farmed fish production in 2016 is estimated at 30 tonnes only and it is primarily composed by freshwater species.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area488 100km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Land area469 930km2FAOSTAT. Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions), 2013
    Inland water area18 170km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.5.615millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area61 171km2VLIZ
    GDP (current US$)40 761millionsWorld Bank. 2018
    GDP per capita (current US$)6 967US$World Bank. 2018
    Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added9.3% of GDPWorld Bank. 2015

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2018The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_TM.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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