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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

    Additional information

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    2. Publications
    3. Meetings & News archive

    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: August 2019

    Turkey covers a geographic area of 783 560 km², with 8 333 km of coastline on the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmora, the Bosporus and Dardanelles. Turkey has rich inland waters and river systems with significant potential for capture and culture-based fisheries. The approximate population is 81 million people (2017).

    In 2017, total fishery production amounted to about 628 000 tonnes comprised of marine capture (51 percent), inland capture (5 percent) and aquaculture (44 percent). Marine capture production is highly influenced by fluctuating anchovy catches, which peaked at 385 000 tonnes (2007) but decreased to an average of 150 000 tonnes per year in 2012-2014 but recovered to 193 500 tonnes in 2015 to decrease to 158 000 in 2017. The total estimate of national fishing vessels reported in national statistics was 17 497 (2017), of which 73 percent were vessels under 5 GT. The 2017, total number of marine fishers was 31 842, 344 of those workers were women. An additional 10500 people were engaged in aquaculture.

    Aquaculture production has steadily increased in more than a decade, ranking Turkey among the important aquaculture producers in the Mediterranean region. Total aquaculture production reached 273 400 tonnes in 2017, doubling the 2005 production. Almost 40 percent of the aquaculture production was provided by rainbow trout culture which is conducted in concrete ponds and net cages in dam lakes and reservoirs. European seabass and gilthead seabream are the main marine fish culture species. The bulk of total aquaculture production is exported.

    In 2017 fish and fishery product total exports were worth USD 858 million, and imports USD 445 million. Per capita consumption of fish and fishery products was about 4.9 kg in 2016.

    Threats to the sector are over-fishing, fleet overcapacity, poor environmental planning, and unregulated fishing. Opportunities for increasing production in a sustainable manner are sought in the promotion of co-management schemes, stock assessment, monitoring control and surveillance (MCS), increased market access for Turkish fisheries products into the European Union (EU), and the development of recreational fisheries.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area783 560km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area769 630km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area13 930km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.80.044millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area261 927km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_TR.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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