FAO Home>Fisheries & Aquaculture
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger
  1. Profile
    1. Basic legislation
    2. Legal definition
    3. Guidelines and codes of conduct
    4. International arrangements
  2. Planning
    1. Authorization system
    2. Access to land and water
    3. EIA
  3. Operation
    1. Water and wastewater
    2. Fish movement
    3. Disease control
    4. Drugs
    5. Feed
  4. Food safety
    1. Miscellaneous
      1. References
        1. Legislation
        2. Related resources
      2. Related links
        Profile
        Basic legislation
        Basic fisheries laws in Ukraine are Law No.486-IV of 2003 on fish, aquatic biodiversity and fish products and Law No.1516-IV of 2004 regarding validation of the National program of the development of fisheries for the period up to 2010.

        Law No.1516-IV of 2004 regarding validation of the National program of the development of fisheries for the period up to 2010 traces the main direction of the development of fisheries, concerns reform of the structure and property in the fisheries complex. It encourages young fish raising of marketable species by existing fish farms, its release in coastal marine areas, inland waters and water reservoirs at the expense of state budget, construction of new fish-farming establishments for raising sturgeon flounder species, creation of database of cultivated fish species, rare and protected fish species for the purpose of their conservation and acclimatization of precious marketable fish species and other aquatic biodiversity.

        Law No. 2894-III of 2001 on wildlife specifies that fish stocks, molluscs and crustaceans, all of their species, sub-species and populations at all stages of their development pertain to wildlife. Authorized state institutions in the sphere of protection, conservation and management of wildlife species are Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea, local state administration and central executive body in the sphere of fisheries and its territorial branches.
        Legal definition
        In accordance with Law No.1516-IV of 2004 regarding validation of the National program of the development of fisheries for the period up to 2010 aquaculture is breeding and farming of fish and other live aquatic resources under special artificial conditions or in specially destined for such conditions water bodies. The same document defines the concept of fish-farming (sub-section of fisheries) as the raising of fish and other live aquatic biodiversity in especially created artificial conditions or in fishing waterbodies destined for such purpose.

        The Law on validation of the National Program of Protection and Management of Environment of the Azov sea and the Black sea (No.2333-III of 2001) defines the concept of aquaculture as the system of arrangements aimed at artificial raising of precious plants and animals in aquatic environment.
        Guidelines and codes of conduct
        Law No.2408-III of 2001 on standardization establishes legal and organizational grounds for standardization in Ukraine. Organization of standardization is conducted by the following subjects of standardization: 1. central body of executive power in the field of standardization; 2. standardization council; 3. technical committees for standardization; 4. other subjects involved in standardization. The standards are divided into the following categories: 1. national standards, codes of practice and classifiers, adopted or approved by the central executive power in the field of standardization; 2. standards, codes of practice and technical regulations, adopted or approved by other subjects, involved in standardization. The said law covers also the whole range of certification issues, including certification of food and fish products.
        International arrangements
        The issues concerning aquaculture in Ukraine are regulated by international bilateral and multilateral agreements/treaties, (sub) regional agreements, inter-ministerial agreements and inter-departmental agreements.

        Ukraine has the status of observer government to the World Trade Organization (WTO), is a member country of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and has ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB) and the Biosafety Protocol. In 2003 Ukraine joined FAO and is going to develop fruitful relations with this organization.

        The Fisheries Agreement between Ukraine and the Russian Federation (1992) establishes that the Parties shall co-operate for the purpose of conservation, repopulation and management of anadromous fish stocks in the Azov sea and the Black sea at biologically safe level and shall take part in the elaboration of joint development programs for aquaculture and mariculture.

        The Agreement between the State Committee of Fisheries and Fishing Industry of Ukraine and the Federal Fisheries Committee of the Russian Federation regarding Fisheries (1993) implements the Fisheries Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine (1992), specifying that the Parties shall co-ordinate and elaborate an efficient joint program for the conservation of anadromous fish that can ensure safe biological state in order to allow optimal catch, prepare and implement joint programs in order to prevent hazardous impact on living resources as a result of their excessive exploitation, ensure exchange of specialists in the field of fisheries and information regarding fishing methods, fish-processing, carrying out optimal use and management of living resources of the Azov sea.

        The Agreement between Ukraine and the Russian Federation on co-operation in the use of the Azov sea and the Kerch strait (2003), although not dealing explicitly with aquaculture, stresses that Russian-Ukrainian co-operation in the sphere of fisheries, protection of marine environment and ecological safety in the sea of Azov and the strait of Kerch must be implemented on the basis of existing and forthcoming international agreements.

        The Agreement on co-operation in science and technology between the European Union and Ukraine (2002) prospects co-operation between the Parties in the sphere of fisheries research.

        In accordance with the International Agreement between Ukraine and Republic of Bulgaria regarding co-operation in the sphere of fisheries (1993) the contracting Parties commit themselves to the improvement fish-breeding and fish-farming techniques, use, management, conservation and transportation of live organisms while the competent authorities (although not better specified in the text) shall co-operate in the sphere of aquaculture for the purpose of reproduction of precious fish species, to exchange information, technology and materials in the said sphere and to promote mutual co-operation in the sphere of stock enhancement and protection of fish stocks in the Black Sea region.

        The Co-operation Agreement on fisheries between Egypt and Ukraine (1994) envisages consultation between the Parties on fisheries development and exchange of information in the said sphere.
        Planning
        Authorization system
        According to the legislation of the country commercial farming of aquatic species is allowed only to those Ukrainian citizens and organizations which have been registered as business enterprises. State Committee of Fisheries and Fishing Industry of Ukraine is the main licensing authority in the field of fisheries including aquaculture.
        Access to land and water
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        EIA
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        Operation
        Water and wastewater
        The matter is not specifically treated in the legislation currently in force.
        Fish movement
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        Disease control
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        Drugs
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        Feed
        No legislative arrangements specifically applicable to this sphere were found.
        Food safety
        Food safety issues are regulated by Law No.771/97-VR of 1997 on quality and safety of food products and food raw materials. This document sets forth legal grounds for ensuring quality and safety of food products (including fish products) for public health, governs relationships between bodies of executive power, producers, sellers (suppliers) and consumers during development, production, bringing in the customs territory of Ukraine, procurement, supply, storage, transportation, trade, consumption and utilization of food products and alimentary raw materials.

        Presidential Decree No.113/2001 of 2001 regarding arrangements for quality improvements of national commodities entitles Cabinet of Ministers with the tasks of revision and validation of fundamental standards of the national system of standardization taking into consideration the provisions of the international and the European standardization and certification systems, quality management and state support of the introduction of the systems of quality management at the enterprises in accordance with the standards of International Standardization Organization (ISO), series 9000, regulating standards, and series 14000, regulating environmental management.
        Miscellaneous
        Aquaculture investment 
        Law No.1516-IV of 2004 regarding validation of the National program of the development of fisheries for the period up to 2010 envisages investments in setting up and reconstruction of genetic selection centres and carrying out selection activity regarding common carp species, aquatic plants, salmonides, sturgeon species and sig species (investment: 80 million grivna); construction in Odessa region of state sturgeon fish-farming factory with yearly production capacity of 12 million young fish specimens (investment: 40 million grivna); construction in Crimea autonomous region of two state flounder fish-farming factories with yearly production capacity of 3 million young fishes (investment: 20 million grivna); construction in Nikolaev region of state ordinary fish-farming factory with yearly production capacity of 1.6 million two-year young fishes (investment: 30 million grivna); construction of experimental production state fish-farming factory with yearly production capacity of 2.8 million starlet young fishes to be released in Dnepr, Dunay and Dnestr rivers(investment: 40 million grivna); construction in Crimea of scientific and production establishment for breeding mussels and oysters with yearly production capacity of 1 000 tonnes (investment: 2.5 million grivna).

        Development/restoration fund
        Law No.1516-IV of 2004 regarding validation of the National program of the development of fisheries for the period up to 2010 envisages setting up special restoration fund composed of fees for special use of live aquatic biodiversity, fee for the development of fisheries to be paid by entrepreneurs engaged in trade of fish products and other live aquatic biodiversity.
        References
        Legislation
        Agreement on co-operation in science and technology between the European Union and Ukraine (2002).
        Related resources

        faolexSearch parameters: country=UKR, Keywords=aquaculture;mariculture
        Records Returned: 10
        Title of textDate of textConsolidated dateEntry into forceCountries
        Order No. 98 of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food validating the Regulation on validation of inspection certificate related to compliance of economic entity with the requirements of protection of aquatic biological resources.2014-01-15Ukraine

        Law No. 5293-VI “On aquaculture”.2012-09-18This Law enters into force on 1 July 2013.Ukraine

        Cooperation Programme between Syria and Ukraine on agrarian sciences and agricultural products ratified by Decree No. 149 of 5 April 2007.2006-06-08This Agreement enters into force on the month after the exchange of notifications informing the completion of the ratification legal procedures in both Countries.Syrian Arab Republic; Ukraine

        Order No. 215 of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy validating the Regulation on the modalities of stock enhancement of living aquatic resources.2004-06-08Ukraine

        Law No. 1516-IV of 2004 on the national program for the development of fisheries for the period until 2010.2004-02-19Entry into force from the date of its official publication.Ukraine

        Law No.486-IV of 2003 on fish, aquatic biodiversity and fish products.2004-02-05Entry into force from the date of its official publication.Ukraine

        Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Moldova on joint boundary waters management and protection.1994-11-23The Agreement enters into force from the date of the exchange of the ratification documents.Ukraine; Moldova, Republic of

        International Agreement between the Government of the Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria regarding co-operation in the sphere of fisheries (1993).1993-09-13Entry into force from the date of signature.Ukraine; Bulgaria

        Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Russian Federation on joint transboundary waterbodies management and protection.1992-10-19The Agreement enters into force from the date of signature.Ukraine; Russian Federation

        Fisheries Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Ukraine.1992-09-24Entry into force from the date of signature.Russian Federation; Ukraine

        Related links
        Country profiles: Ukraine
         
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