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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger
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Mission

Its objective is to reduce the environmental impact arising from commercial shrimp trawl fisheries in tropical countries, and particularly to minimize:

  • the capture and discard of unwanted catch and bycatch (including non-fish species such as turtles), and

  • the impact of shrimp-trawling on bottom habitat.

Approaches

The project aims to do so through:

  • the introduction of more appropriate fishing technologies,
  • improved legislation and
  • improved management frameworks (including control and enforcement strategies).

Duration

The project will run for 5 years, from July 2002 until September 2008.

Management
The diagram shows Project stakeholders at country level or below in white boxes and international stakeholders in shaded boxes. The beneficiaries of the Project's outputs are indicated in the boxes with a bold line, while the project management, at both national and international level, are indicated by boxes with a dashed line. The arrows indicate the two-way communication and exchange of information which is intended to take place between each level in the structure.
Executive committee

FAO project co-ordination.
FAO has three main tasks:

  • To ensure proper execution and overall co-ordination of activities within the project. This includes administrative backstopping at all levels, monitoring and evaluation of project implementation, reporting, and the organisation of meetings at global and regional levels.
  • To issue contracts to leading national institutions to carry out the specific planned activities in each participating country.
  • To give technical oversight, substantive support and inputs to the project. This task will be carried out by an internal FAO Project Task Force, comprising staff from each of the technical Services concerned.
Secretariat

National Co-ordinators.
Each country has a National Co-ordinator, designated by the responsible Ministry.
The National Co-ordinator:

  • acts as the focal point for day-to-day inputs, interventions and communications for the project at the national level, and
  • is responsible for the establishment and regular meeting of a National Steering Committee.National Co-ordinators.
    Each country has a National Co-ordinator, designated by the responsible Ministry.
    The National Co-ordinator:
  • acts as the focal point for day-to-day inputs, interventions and communications for the project at the national level, and
  • is responsible for the establishment and regular meeting of a National Steering Committee.
Steering committee

International Steering Committee.
The International Steering Committee comprises representatives of the responsible Ministry of one of the participating countries per region, plus UNEP as the implementing agency and FAO as the executing agency. A number of experts have been co-opted and serve as observers.
The International Steering Committee reviews, advises and approves any significant changes proposed to the original overall work programme and budget for the project.

Steering committee

National Steering Committees.
Each participant country has a National Steering Committee for the project, which is made up of stakeholder representatives such as shrimp fishers and skippers, vessels owners, non-shrimp fishers, fishery managers, researchers and NGOs. The National Steering Committee is led by the National Co-ordinator.
The National Steering Committee:

  • serves as a mechanism for the co-ordination of national activities,
  • advises on the orientation and project implementation in the country,
  • and monitors progress.
Principal authority

UNEP project co-ordination.
Within UNEP, the UNEP/GEF Co-ordination Office, based in Nairobi (Kenya) is responsible for overall project supervision. UNEP also participates in meetings and workshops as appropriate.
The Co-ordination Office provides assistance and advice to FAO and UNEP on:

  • project management issues,
  • policy guidance in relation to GEF procedures, requirements and schedules,
  • linkages between the project and related UNEP and GEF activities.

Collaboration with others

The project also collaborates with regional agencies and projects. These currently include:

Latin America and the Caribbean

Africa Near East
  • (no link available)
  • ROPME/UNEP

Asia

Area of competence

The project is global in scope, but concentrates on the four main tropical regions of the world:

  • Latin America and the Caribbean,
  • Africa,
  • Near East and
  • Asia.
Outputs

National level outputs

Better understanding of the interactions between shrimp trawl fishing gear and the environment

  • Assessment of the impact of present shrimp-trawling production systems through the collection of more precise data on the composition of resources, bycatch and discards
  • Assessment of present and potential economic value of bycatch and discards.

Adoption of bycatch reduction devices by national and regional shrimp-trawling fisheries

  • Evaluation of alternatives through technical and economic evaluation of possible options for the introduction of bycatch reduction devices, alternative fishing methods and management measures.
  • Development and / or adaptation of bycatch reduction technologies through fishing experiments with bycatch reduction devices on commercial shrimp trawlers, and monitoring and assessment of results trials.
  • Large-scale dissemination of results and introduction of successful technologies through training, extension, information campaigns, etc.

Improved management of shrimp-trawl fisheries

  • Development of legal and management frameworks and methods of monitoring, control and surveillance in accordance with the new technologies.

Regional level outputs

Increased cooperation among countries in research and management of shrimp resources

  • Regional workshops, networking, collaboration and co-ordination of national activities.

Global level outputs

Global dissemination of information and guidelines

  • This includes collecting, collating, analysing and disseminating information produced at national and regional levels to a larger audience, including: an electronic publication on shrimp-fishing methods - an inventory of bycatch reduction devices - an inventory of legal and policy frameworks for sustainable shrimp fisheries - a directory of experts and institutions experienced in shrimp fisheries.
 
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