The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) is an intergovernmental organization mandated to manage tuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas. The objective of the Commission is to promote the conservation and optimal utilization of tuna and tuna-like stocks covered by the IOTC Agreement, and to encourage sustainable development of fisheries.FunctionsIn accordance with Article V of the IOTC Agreement, the main functions of the IOTC are:
IOTC area of competence - High seas, National watersSpecies and stocks coverageTuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas – the exact list of species is available at http://iotc.org/about-iotc/competence. In addition, the Commission has instructed the Secretariat to collate data on non-target, associated and dependent species affected by tuna fishing operations, e.g. sharks and sea-birds. Legal framework
The designations employed and the presentation of material in the map(s) are for illustration only and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers or boundaries.
The Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission was concluded under Article XIV of the FAO Constitution. It was approved by the FAO Council in November 1993 and came into force upon accession of the tenth member in March 1996.Agreement | Financial regulations | Rules and procedures (updated in 2014) MembersCurrent membership:
Membership in the Commission is open to Members and Associate Members of FAO that are: (i) coastal States or Associate Members situated wholly or partly within the Area; (ii) States or Associate Members whose vessels engage in fishing in the Area for stocks covered by the Agreement; or (iii) regional economic integration organizations of which any State referred to in subparagraphs (i) or (ii) above is a member and to which that State has transferred competence over matters within the purview of the Agreement. Parties qualified to accede to the Commission may do so by depositing with the Director-General of FAO an instrument formally accepting to be bound by the conditions of the IOTC Agreement.
Member: Australia, Belize, China, Comoros, Eritrea, European Union, France, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Rep. of), Japan, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, United Rep. of Tanzania, Thailand, United Kingdom, Yemen.LanguagesEnglish, French. Structure
The governing body of the IOTC is the Commission. It is composed of all members and is empowered to adopt conservation and management measures. Conservation and management measures binding on members of the Commission must be adopted by a two-thirds majority of members present and voting. Each member of the Commission has one vote. Individual members objecting to a decision are not bound by it. Non-binding recommendations concerning conservation and management of the stocks for furthering the objectives of the Agreement need only be adopted by a simple majority of its members present and voting. Sessions of the Commission are normally held annually.
The work of the Commission is assisted by a Scientific Committee, a Compliance Committee, and a Standing Committee on Administration and Finance, as well as numerous working parties.Publications IOTC publications can be found at: http://www.iotc.org/documents