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Environmental Protection Law.
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Countries: China
Regions: Asia;North Pacific;North-West Pacific;East Asian Seas;Eastern Asia;ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
Date of original Text: 26/12/1989
Date of Consolidation: 24/04/2014
Entry into Force: This Law shall enter into force on 1 January 2015.
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136760 National Standards for irrigation water quality 04/01/1992
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136764 National Standard for pollutant discharge from ships ( GB 3552-83). 09/04/1983
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136869 Administrative Measures for the Recording of Local Environmental Quality Standards and Pollutant Emission Standards. 30/12/2009
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC137007 Decree No.10 of Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China promulgating the Provisions on the Environmental Safety Management of Import and Export Microbe Strains Used in Environmental Protection (Jointly issued by Ministry of Environmental Protection and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine) . 02/04/2010
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC142865 Regulation of Hainan province on environmental protection. 17/07/2012
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC137010 Announcement No. 39 of 2009 of Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China laying down the Farmland Environmental Quality Evaluation Standards for Livestock and Poultry Production (National Environmental Protection Standard HJ 568-2010). 16/04/2010
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC163218 Measures for the Disclosure of Environmental Information by Enterprises and Public Institutions. 19/12/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC163219 Measures for the Investigation and Handling of Environmental Emergencies. 19/12/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC163214 Measures for Continuous Penalty on a Daily Basis. 29/12/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136212 Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on Prevention and Control of Air Pollution. 25/07/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136222 Measures of Zhejiang Province for promotion of agricultural waste processing and utilization. 14/09/2010
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136765 Discharge standard of pollutants for municipal wastewater treatment plant( National Standard GB 18918-2002 ). 24/12/2002
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136766 Discharge standard of water pollutants for meat packing industry (GB 13457-92). 18/05/1992
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136856 Announcement No. 63 of 2008 of Ministry of Environmental Protection promulgating the cleaner production standard for wine industry. 24/12/2008
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136863 Announcement No. 3 of 2008 of Ministry of Environmental Protection establishing National Pollutants Discharge Standard concerning Limits and Measurement Method for Exhaust Pollutants from Gasoline Engines of Heavy-duty Vehicles (III, IV) (GB 14762-2008). 31/03/2008
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC139763 Announcement No. 26 of 2008 of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China promulgating Effluent Standards of Pollutants for Heterocyclic Pesticides Industry (National Standard GB 21523—2008) 02/04/2008
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC139764 Announcement No. 34 of 2005 of the State Environmental Protection Administration promulgating discharge standard of pollutants for beer industry (National Standard GB 19821—2005).
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC142877 Regulations of Hainan province on nature reserves. 26/09/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136839 Specifications for Offshore Environmental Monitoring(HJ442--2008. 04/11/2009
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136792 Regulations of Shandong Province on marine environmental protection 23/09/2004
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136607 Regulation of Hubei Province on prevention and control of water pollution. 22/01/2014
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136762 Discharge standard of pollutants for livestock and poultry breeding (National Standard GB 18596-2001). 28/12/2001
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136909 Announcement No. 50 of 2009 of Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China laying down technical requirements for pollution treatment projects of livestock and poultry farms (National Environmental Protection Standard HJ 497-2009) 28/09/2009
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC139765 Announcement No. 26 of 2008 of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China promulgating discharge standards of water pollutants for sugar industry(National Standard GB 21909-2008). 25/06/2009
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC163092 Interim Provisions for the Administration of Pollutant Discharge License. 23/12/2016
Related Web Site: www.gov.cn
Type of Text: Legislation
Abstract: This Law aims to protect and improve the environment, prevent and control pollution and other public hazards, safeguard public health, enhance the construction of ecological civilization and promote sustainable economic and social development. This Law consists of 7 Chapters divided into 70 articles: General Provisions (I); Supervision and administration (II); Environment protection and improvement (III); Prevention and control of pollution and other public hazards (IV); Information disclosure and public participation (V); Legal liability (VI); Supplementary provisions (VII).This Law sets environmental protection as a basic national policy. "Environment" refers to the total body of all natural elements and artificially transformed natural elements affecting human existence and development, which includes the atmosphere, water, seas, land, minerals, forests, grasslands, wetlands, wildlife, natural and human remains, nature reserves, historic sites and scenic spots, and urban and rural areas (Article 2). The competent authorities are entitled to(i)integrate environment protection into the economic and social plan; (ii) promote clean energy and resource recycling; (iii) set up standards for environment quality and the discharge of pollutants; (iv) establish and improve environmental monitoring and warning system; (v) examine environmental impact assessments and make public the environmental impact reports for social supervision; (vi)adopt total emission control system for key pollutants and pollution administrative permit system; (v) inspect polluting units; (vii) establish and improve ecological protection compensation mechanism. Inter-jurisdiction joint coordination mechanism for environmental pollution and ecological damage of key regions and river basins shall be established to implement unified planning, standards, monitoring, and prevention and control measures (Article 20). The State shall define ecological redlines for strict protection on key ecological functional zones, areas of sensitive and fragile ecological environment. In terms of protection of agricultural environment, appropriate measures shall be taken in order to strengthen the monitoring and early warning of agricultural pollution sources, promote integrated plant pest management, and prevent and control soil pollution, land desertification, salinization, impoverishment, rocky desertification, ground subsidence, soil erosion, water eutrophication, water depletion, etc. The Law further provides for obligation of key pollutant-discharging units and responsibilities of government bodies in respect of public access to environmental information.
Main subjects: Environnment gen.