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Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution.
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Countries: China
Regions: ASIA;North Pacific;North-West Pacific;East Asian Seas;Eastern Asia
Date of original Text: 11/05/1984
Date of Consolidation: 28/02/2008
Entry into Force: This Law enters into force on 1 June 2008.
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC023819 Rules for implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the prevention and control of water pollution (2000). 20/03/2000
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC082967 Notice of the Ministry of Environmental Protection on the relevant issues concerning the implementation of the provisions on “the amount of pollutant discharge fee payable” in Article 73 and Article 74 of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution. 13/06/2008
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC135444 Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on protection of drinking water sources 10/12/2009
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136719 No. 604 Decree of the State Council promulgating the Regulations on Taihu Basin Management of the People's Republic of China. 07/09/2011
Implemented by: LEX-FAOC136607 Regulation of Hubei Province on prevention and control of water pollution 22/01/2014
Related Web Site: www.lawinfochina.com
Type of Text: Legislation
Abstract: The Law is divided into eight Chapters: General provisions (I); Standards and planning for the prevention and control of water pollution (II); Supervision and administration of the prevention and control of water pollution (III); Measures for the prevention and control of water pollution (IV); Protection of drinkable water sources and other special waters (V); Management of water pollution accidents (VI); Legal liability (VII); Supplementary provisions (VIII).This Law aims at the prevention and control of pollution of rivers, lakes, canals, irrigation channels, reservoirs and other surface water bodies and groundwater. State quality standards of water environment and for the discharge of water pollutants shall be established at the central and local level by the competent authorities. According to the provisions of this Law, said authorities shall also, in the process of developing, utilizing, regulating and allocating water resources, make integrated and rational plans for the purpose of: (a) maintaining proper river flows, proper water levels of lakes and reservoirs and proper groundwater tables; (b) protecting urban water sources, preventing and controlling urban water pollution; (c) controlling the placement of industry; (d) designating protected zones; (e) controlling the direct or indirect discharge of pollutants into water bodies. Similar provisions are made with respect to the prevention of surface water and groundwater pollution. Final provisions establish the penalties to be applied in case of contravention.
Comment: This Law was previously adopted at the Fifth Meeting of the Standing committee of the Sixth National People's Congress on 11 May 1984, revised at 19th Meeting of the Eighth National People's Congress on 15 May 1996, and revised at the 32nd session of the Standing Committee of the 10th NAtional People's Congress on 28 February 2008.
Main subjects: Water