Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nationsfor a world without hunger
Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
The SmartFish Programme - Implementation of a Regional Fisheries Strategy for the Eastern-Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region
Background Fisheries are one of the most significant renewable resources that Eastern-Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region (ESA-IO) countries have for food security, livelihoods and economic growth based on sustainable resources management plans and there is significant potential for value-added production. As populations in these countries continue to grow, the future benefits that these resources can provide will require balancing the increasing demands on fisheries, with the capacity of oceanic, coastal and freshwater fish stocks to sustain those harvests.
The SmartFish Programme aims at contributing to an increased level of social, economic and environmental development and deeper regional integration in the ESA-IO through improved capacities for the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources. The programme is financed by the European Union under the 10th European Development Fund and is implemented by the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) in collaboration with the Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East Africa Community (EAC) and the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD). Other regional institutions involved include the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and regional fisheries management organizations, such as the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), the Southwest Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission (SWIOFC), the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO), and the Lake Tanganyika Fisheries Organization (LTFO). The ultimate beneficiaries of the Programme will be the fishermen, coastal communities and wider populations of the ACP States of the ESA-IO region covered by the 10th EDF Regional Indicative Program. It is furthermore expected that diverse stakeholder groups will draw specific direct and indirect benefits from the SmartFish programme. Components of the Smart Fish Programme
The Programme aims at achieving five main results. These relate to:
The program’s intended beneficiary countries include Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Though they may not benefit from 10th EDF ESA-IO funds, Mozambique and South Africa are involved as members of SADC and through the Inter-Regional Coordination Committee (IRCC) framework.
Réunion Island (France) will also participate in the Programme as a member of the IOC; although not as a financial beneficiary.Programme Management
The Secretary General of the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) as Regional Authorizing Officer (RAO) of the European Development Fund (EDF) is the Contracting Authority. The programme is implemented in close collaboration with COMESA, EAC and IGAD.
A Programme Management Unit has been established to assist with the implementation of the project and is based in IOC Headquarters in Mauritius. FAO is co-implementing the SmartFish Programme on matters related to fisheries development and management and to food security.
Fisheries Development and Management
An Action Plan is prepared for fisheries management and development for the ESA-IO region. The potential contribution of fisheries in the ESA-IO region is much higher than is currently realized.
This component of the Programme will address, inter alia, the following issues:
These issues will be addressed in general terms as well as through specific applications, e.g. for specific fisheries and inland water bodies.Food Security
An action plan for fish and fish products, food security, and nutrition is developed and fisheries and aquaculture are integrated within overall food security strategies.
The programme will aim at establishing a planned process for achieving food security. The following four dimensions of food security will be addressed:
The Programme will assist with integrating fisheries and aquaculture into national and regional food security action plans. It will also assist with the implementation of selected actions identified as especially relevant and which, inter alia, relate to: