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Hemiscyllium trispeculare:   (click for more)

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Other Combinations:   (Richardson, 1843).
FAO Names
En - Speckled carpetshark, Fr - Requin-chabot marquéterie, Sp - Bamboa moteada.
3Alpha Code: ORW     Taxonomic Code: 1070400205
Scientific Name with Original Description
Hemiscyllium trispeculare  Richardson, 1843, Icones Piscium, Pl. Rare Fish: 5, pl. 1, fig. 2. Holotype: Apparently not saved, Turtle Island, northwest Australia. Neotype: British Museum (Natural History), BMNH-1953.5.10.1, 576 mm adult male, northwestern Australia, the basis of a redescription of this species by Richardson, 1846, Zool. Erebus Terror, 2, Fishes: 43-44, pl. 28, and designated as neotype by Dingerkus and DeFino, 1983, Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist., 176(1): 51.
Diagnostic Features
fieldmarks: Mouth well in front of eyes; spineless dorsal fins far posterior on tail, extremely elongated thick precaudal tail, long and low anal fin just anterior to caudal fin; small dark spots on snout, numerous dark close-set spots forming a reticular pattern on body, a conspicuous white-ringed large black ocellus on flanks above pectoral fins, partly surrounded by smaller black spots, no black hood or white spots.

Juvenile coloration unknown; prebranchial head and snout of adults without a black hood; underside of the head uniformly light and without dark spots; numerous small dark spots mostly less than half eye length present on preorbital snout. Black epaulette spot of shoulder strongly marked, large, in the form of a conspicuous white-ringed ocellus and two curved black marks surrounding the posterior half of the spot. White spots absent from fins and body; fins and body covered with numerous small and large, densely spaced dark spots that form a reticular network of light background colour between them; pectoral fins with dusky webs and numerous small dark spots. Dark saddles on dorsal surface and sides of preanal tail extending as dark crossbands onto ventral surface. 
Geographical Distribution

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Western South Pacific: ?Indonesia (Moluccas), Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia, Queensland).
Habitat and Biology
A tropical continental shelf shark that is found on coral reefs in shallow water, including tide pools.

A common small shark, with biology poorly known. Often observed under table corals.
Maximum total length 79 cm. Size at hatching unknown; adult males 57 to 64 cm total length; adult female 56 cm. Possibly a smaller species than Hemiscyllium ocellatum.
Interest to Fisheries
Interest to fisheries none at present. The importance of this shark to the aquarium trade needs to be assessed.

Conservation Status : The conservation status of this shark is uncertain, but at least part of its habitat is protected in Australia.
Local Names
Widespread : Speckled carpet shark ,  Speckled catshark .
Indonesian (Moluccas) records of this species need confirmation.
Source of Information
Sharks of the world An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2 Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). Leonard J.V. Compagno 2001.  FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 2001. p.269.
Compagno, 1984
Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
Fowler, 1941
Garman, 1913
Grant, 1982
Last & Stevens, 1994
Michael, 1993
Stead, 1963
Whitley & Pollard, 1980
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