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Parascyllium collare:   (click for more)

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Other Combinations:  None.
FAO Names
En - Collared carpetshark, Fr - Requin carpette à collarette, Sp - Alfombrera collareja.
3Alpha Code: OPY     Taxonomic Code: 1070700201
Scientific Name with Original Description
Parascyllium collare  Ramsay and Ogilby, 1888, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, ser. 2, 3: 1310. Holotype: Australian Museum, Sydney, AMS-I.1874, > 76 cm(30 in) TL adult male, in deep water off Port Jackson, New SouthWales, Australia.
Diagnostic Features
fieldmarks: Prominent dark, unspotted, sharp-edged collar mark around the gills, dusky saddles on back and tail, and sparse, large dark spots on body, tail and fins; nasal barbels, nasoral and circumnarial grooves present; mouth in front of eyes, two equal-sized, spineless dorsal fins and an anal fin, the first dorsal-fin origin behind the pelvic-fin bases, the anal-fin origin well in front of the second dorsal-fin origin.

Light yellowish to reddish brown with five dusky saddles on trunk and tail; a prominent dark, unspotted collar marking around gill region; no white spots on body; no bold black blotches and spots on fins; sparse, scattered, large dark brown spots on sides and fins, except for pectoral fins, no more than two or three irregular longitudinal rows of spots on sides and less than six spots on sides of tail between the dorsal fins. 
Geographical Distribution

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Western South Pacific: confined to the east coast of Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, and southern Queensland from Gabo Island to Mooloolaba).
Habitat and Biology
A little-known temperate bottom shark of the eastern Australian continental shelf,found at depths of 20 to 160 m , on hard bottom including inshore rocky reefs and hard-bottomed trawling grounds.

Development oviparous, but details little-known. Eggcase described as flattened and elongate, but details not given.  Apparently common or formerly common on hard bottom at depths of 55 to 128 m on trawling grounds off New South Wales.
Maximum about 87 cm; adult males 80 to 85 cm long; adult females 85 to 87 cm.
Interest to Fisheries
Interest to fisheries essentially none, not utilized but taken as bycatch by commercial vessels, including trawlers and possibly line boats.

Conservation Status : Conservation status unknown.
Local Names
Widespread : Collared catshark ,  Collared carpet shark .
According to Last and Stevens (1994) this species was confused with other species of Parascyllium and is somewhat less wide-ranging than previously thought. It was recorded from Tasmania but these records are apparently based on Parascyllium ferrugineum.
Source of Information
Sharks of the world An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2 Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). Leonard J.V. Compagno 2001.  FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 2001. p.269.
Compagno, 1984
Fowler, 1941
Last & Stevens, 1994
McCulloch, 1911
Stead, 1963
Whitley, 1940
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