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Squatina oculata:   (click for more)

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FAO Names
En - Smoothback angelshark, Fr - Ange de mer ocellé, Sp - Pez ángel.
3Alpha Code: SUT     Taxonomic Code: 1090300411
Scientific Name with Original Description
Squatina oculata  Bonaparte, 1840, Icon. Faun. Ital., fasc.28, pta. 147. Holotype: None. Type Locality: Mediterranean off Italy.
Diagnostic Features
fieldmarks: An angelshark with large thorns on snout and above eyes but not on midback, weakly bifurcated nasal barbels and weakly fringed anterior nasal flaps; the first dorsal origin usually well behind the pelvic rear tips, and prominent white spots on body.

Trunk rather slender.  Anterior nasal barbels weakly bifurcated; posterior margin of anterior nasal flaps between nasal barbels and tips weakly fringed; distance from eye to spiracle less than 1.5 times eye diameter; dermal folds on sides of head without triangular lobes.  Origin of first dorsal fin usually well behind free rear tips of pectoral fins; pectoral fins low and angular, rear tips of pectoral fins broadly subangular.  Large spines present on snout and above eyes but usually absent from midback; lateral trunk denticles pointed and with three ridges.  No large brown ocelli, but prominent white spots present in a symmetrical pattern on pectoral fins and on body. 
Geographical Distribution

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Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean and Morocco to Angola.
Habitat and Biology
A warm-temperate and tropical angelshark of the eastern Atlantic continental shelves and upper slopes,from 20 to 500 or more metres, mostly between 50 and 100 m, deeper in tropics.
Ovoviviparous.  Eats small fishes, including goatfishes.
Size
Maximum total length 160 cm, adult males to at least 140 cm, size at birth about 24 to 27 cm.
Interest to Fisheries
Caught primarily in bottom trawls, but also in fixed bottom nets, on line gear, and occasionally even in pelagic trawls.
Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption, for liver oil and hides used for leather.
Source of Information
FAO species catalogue Vol.4. Sharks of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Shark Species Known to Date Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. Compagno, L.J.V.1984FAO Fisheries Synopsis.  , (125) Vol.4, Part 1.
Bibliography
Bigelow & Schroeder, 1948
Cadenat, 1957
Compagno, 1981
Maurin & Bonnet, 1970
Poll, 1950
 
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