|En - Smoothback angelshark, Fr - Ange de mer ocellé, Sp - Pez ángel.|
3Alpha Code: SUT Taxonomic Code: 1090300411|
|Scientific Name with Original Description|
|Squatina oculata Bonaparte, 1840, Icon. Faun. Ital., fasc.28, pta. 147. Holotype: None. Type Locality: Mediterranean off Italy.|
Trunk rather slender.
Anterior nasal barbels weakly bifurcated; posterior margin of anterior nasal flaps between nasal barbels and tips weakly fringed; distance from eye to spiracle less than 1.5 times eye diameter; dermal folds on sides of head without triangular lobes.
Origin of first dorsal fin usually well behind free rear tips of pectoral fins; pectoral fins low and angular, rear tips of pectoral fins broadly subangular.
Large spines present on snout and above eyes but usually absent from midback; lateral trunk denticles pointed and with three ridges.
No large brown ocelli, but prominent white spots present in a symmetrical pattern on pectoral fins and on body.
|fieldmarks: An angelshark with large thorns on snout and above eyes but not on midback, weakly bifurcated nasal barbels and weakly fringed anterior nasal flaps; the first dorsal origin usually well behind the pelvic rear tips, and prominent white spots on body.|
|Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean and Morocco to Angola.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|A warm-temperate and tropical angelshark of the eastern Atlantic continental shelves and upper slopes,from 20 to 500 or more metres, mostly between 50 and 100 m, deeper in tropics. |
Eats small fishes, including goatfishes.
|Maximum total length 160 cm, adult males to at least 140 cm, size at birth about 24 to 27 cm.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Caught primarily in bottom trawls, but also in fixed bottom nets, on line gear, and occasionally even in pelagic trawls.|
Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption, for liver oil and hides used for leather.
|Source of Information|
|FAO species catalogue Vol.4. Sharks of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Shark Species Known to Date Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. Compagno, L.J.V.1984FAO Fisheries Synopsis.
, (125) Vol.4, Part 1. |
Bigelow & Schroeder, 1948
Maurin & Bonnet, 1970