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Abramis brama:   (click for more)

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Synonyms
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  •    , Brachydeuterus (Otoperca) auritus and Otoperca aurita (of authors).
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  • Cyprinus buggenhagii  Bloch, 1784:137. (A hybrid between Abramis brama x Rutilus rutilus . Spelled buggenhagen by early authors).
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  • Abramis melaenus  Agassiz, 1835:39.
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  • Abramis vetula  Heckel, 1836:230.
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  • Abramis leuckartii   Heckel, 1836:229 (Hybrid between Rutilus rutilus x Abramis brama).
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  • Abramis media  Koch, 1840:40. (Questionably a synonym of Abramis brama).
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  • Abramis heckelii  Selys-Longchamps, 1842:217, (Hybrid between Abramis brama x Rutilis rutilis).
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  • Abramis argyreus  Valenciennes, 1844:45.
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  • Abramis vulgaris  Mauduyt, 1849-51:30.
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  • Abramis gehini  Blanchard, 1866:355.
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  • Abramis brama sinegorensis  Lukash, 1933:67. (Hybrid between Blicca bjoerkna x Abramis brama).
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  • Abramis brama bergi  Grib & Vernidub, 1935:112.
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  • Abramis brama orientalis  Berg, 1949:774.
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  • Abramis brama danubii  Pavlov, 1956:894.
    FAO Names
    En - Freshwater bream, Fr - Brème d'eau douce, Sp - Brema común.
    3Alpha Code: FBM     Taxonomic Code: 1400200102
    Diagnostic Features
    Deep-bodied with a high back and flattened sides. The head is comparatively small, with the mouth ventral and extending into a tube when feeding. Eyes small.  Scales are small with 51-60 scales in the lateral line.  Anal fin origin is beneath the rear end of the dorsal fin; its base is long, with 24-30 branched rays and its outline is strongly concave.  Pharyngeal teeth 5:5, the teeth long and compressed.  Colour dark brown or greyish on the back; adults have golden brown sides, the young have silver, and are ventrally yellowish. The fins are grey or light brown, those underneath being reddish tinted. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    European lakes and rivers (excluding Iberian, Italic and Balkan peninsulas and part Skandinavian peninsula); it also occurs in the brackish areas of the Baltic Sea.
    Habitat and Biology
    Occurs usually in still and slow-running waters where it travels in large shoals.Using its protusible mouth to pick up insect larvae, worms, and molluscs.
    Bream spawn in late spring and early summer among dense vegetation, often in shallow water and at night. The yellowish eggs stick to the weeds, and hatch in 3-12 days, depending on temperature.  Can survive out of the water for extended periods.
    Size
    An average length of 40 to 51 cm and a weight of 3.6 kg is attained; exceptionally a length of 80 cm and 9 kg in weight.
    Interest to Fisheries
    In Europe this is a commercially important food-fish. It is also a valuable fish for anglers, although all too frequently expected to grow well and provide sport in unsuitable habitats. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 48 070 t. The countries with the largest catches were Russian Federation (25 687 t) and Kazakhstan (10 900 t).
    Marketed fresh or frozen. Eaten steamed, broiled, fried and baked.
    Local Names
    Czech : Cejn velky .
    Danish : Brasen .
    Dutch : Brasem .
    English : Bream ,  Bronze bream ,  Carp bream ,  Common bream .
    Finnish : Lahna .
    French : Brème ,  Brème commune .
    Gaelic/Irish : Bran .
    German : Blei ,  Brachse ,  Brachsen ,  Brachsmen ,  Brasse .
    Greek : Lestia .
    Hungarian : Dévér keszeg .
    Italian : Abramide ,  Brama .
    Norvegian : Brasme .
    Polish : Leszcz .
    Portuguese : Brema .
    Rumanian : Platica .
    Russian : Leshtsch .
    Serbo-Croat : Deverika .
    Slovak : Pleskac vysoky .
    Slovene : Ploscic .
    Swedish : Braxen .
    Turkish : Cpak baligi ,  Tahta baligi .
    Bulgarian : Platika .
    Bibliography
    Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2003. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org
    Wheeler, A.,1978. Key to the Fishes of Northern Europe. A guide to the identification of more than 350 species.Frederick Warne (Publishers) Ltd.,London. 380 pp.
     
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