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Muraenesox cinerues:   (click for more)

Muraenesox cinerues:   (click for more)

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  • Muraena cinerea  Forsskål, 1775
    FAO Names
    En - Daggertooth pike conger, Fr - Murénésoce-dague, Sp - Morenocio dentón.
    3Alpha Code: DPC     Taxonomic Code: 1430901102
    Diagnostic Features
    Body elongate, scaleless, compressed posteriorly; prominent conical snout; eye large, inter-orbital space about 8.2 in head; anterior nostril tubular, posterior nostril a simple opening nearer to eye than to anterior nostril. Mouth large, rictus well behind eye; in lower jaw a middle row of prominent,  sharp, tricuspid, erect teeth; median vomerine teeth sharply triangular in lateral view, compressed, with anterior and posterior basal cusp and the bases often in contact.  Gill openings large, latero-ventral.  Vertical fins continuous with caudal fin; dorsal fin origin over pectoral fin base or slightly before; dorsal finrays before a vertical through anus 66-78.  Lateral line pores before anus 40-47.  Vertebrae 145-159. 
    Geographical Distribution

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    Elsewhere, known from the Red Sea and throughout the northern Indian Ocean; coast of India, Burma and Malaysia northward to Hong Kong and northwards to Japan. A record on the Mediterranean Sea; immigrant from the Red Sea (Golani & Ben-Tuvia, 1986) in the coast of Israel (Tel Aviv-Jaffa).
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic, over soft bottoms down to about 100 m, also in estuaries, in warm seas. Sometimes enters freshwater environment.Feeds on small bottom fishes and crustaceans.
    Spawning in August-September in Japan. 
    To about 200 cm; common about 150 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught mainly with longlines at night. Captured and cultured for fishery in Japan. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 253 363 t. The countries with the largest catches were China (234 314 t) and Taiwan Province of China (9 001 t).
    Marketed mainly fresh. Also used as bait for shark fishing. Also caught by (dol) bag nets.
    Local Names
    Arabic : Asfan ,  Nachoot ,  Rabah ,  Thubah .
    English : Sharp-toothed eel .
    Fijian : Ikasa .
    Finnish : Hopeahaukiankerias .
    Japanese : Hamo .
    Malay/Indonesian : Belut ,  Indong ,  Ketingkor ,  Malong ,  Nong ,  Tuna .
    Polish : Murenoszczuk indochinski .
    Portuguese : Congro bicudo de Japâo .
    Tagalog : Pindanga .
    Tokelauan : Yaalgaadyi .
    Vietnamese : Cá lae .
    Asano, H. - 1984 Muraenesocidae. In: H. Masuda; K. Amaoka; C. Araga; T. Uyeno; T. Yoshino (eds.). The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai. Univ. Press. 29.
    Bauchot, M.-L. & L. Saldanha. - 1986 Muraenesocidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. II: 559-561. Catalog On Line. Fishbase: ICLARM .
    Golani, D. & A. Ben-Tuvia. - 1986New records of fishes from the Mediterranean coast of Israel including Red Sea immigrants. Cybium, 3: 285-291.
    Nielsen, J. - 1974 Muraenesocidae. In: W. Fischer & P.J.P. Whitehead.FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vol. I, Rome FAO, pag var.
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