| ||Gadus byrkelange Walbaum, 1792|
| ||Gadus abyssorum Nilsson, 1832|
| ||Molva abyssorum Nilsson, 1855|
| ||Molva byrkelange Malm, 1877|
| ||Molva dipterygia Smitt, 1893|
| ||Molva dipterygia dipterygia Svetovidov, 1948|
|En - Blue ling, Fr - Lingue bleue, Sp - Maruca azul.|
3Alpha Code: BLI Taxonomic Code: 1480400502|
|Scientific Name with Original Description|
|Gadus dypterygius Pennant, 1784. Arctic Zool. 1: 76.|
|Lower jaw longer than upper; barbel shorter than eye.|
Second dorsal fin with 69 to 83 rays; anal fin with 70 to 81 rays; pelvic fin reaching beyond end of pectoral fin.
Colour: dorsally grey to brown, shading to white ventrally. Posterior region of vertical fins dark with pale margins.
|Southwestern Barents Sea, sometimes north to Spitsbergen, west to Greenland and Newfoundland; southern coast of Iceland, around the British Isles and south to Morocco and into the Mediterranean.|
|Habitat and Biology|
|Bottom-dwellingat depths from 150 to 1000, mostly from 350 to 500 m,on muddy bottoms. |
The males reach first maturity at 9 years (75 cm), and the females at 11 years (88 cm). Spawns from April to May at 500 to 1 000 m depth from W. Scotland to Norway and from the Faeroes to S. Iceland; and from the end of winter to early spring at 500-600 m depth in the Mediterranean.
Females grow faster than males:at 3 years, 40cm; then 5-6 cm every year. Seventeen-year-old males reach 115 cm and 20 year-old females, 155 cm.
Feeds on crustaceans and fish (flatfishes, gobies, rocklings).
|Reaches 155 cm total length.|
|Interest to Fisheries|
|Commercially fished with bottom trawls and longlines, especially in the north-eastern Atlantic. The catch reported for 1987 in the FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics totalled 27 365 metric tons, all from the northeastern Atlantic (France: ca. 13300 t, Faeroe Islands: 7000 t, Norway: ca. 4490 t, and others). Also taken in industrial and artisanal fisheries in the Mediterranean.|
Marketed frozen and as fresh fillets (Mediterranean), but, also reduced to fish meal.
Lingue espagnole .|
Tylppapyrstoinen molva .|
Lingue batarde ,
Lingue bleue ,
Lingue espagnole .|
Blauwe leng .|
Molwa nibieska .|
Birkelanga blalange .|
|former USSR :
Bolsheglazaya Mol'va .|
|The northern form, scientific names for which are given above, grades into a southern population known Molva macrophthalma, M. dipterygia elongata, and M. elongata, which is of no interest to fishery.|
Fische, Bauchot & Schneider eds , 1987
Fraser-Brunner & Palmer, 1951