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Lutjanus purpureus:   (click for more)

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FAO Names
En - Southern red snapper, Fr - Vivaneau rouge, Sp - Pargo colorado.
3Alpha Code: SNC     Taxonomic Code: 1703202722
Scientific Name with Original Description
Lutjanus purpureus  Poey, 1867. Rep. Fisico-nat. Isla de Cuba, 2:157.
Diagnostic Features
Body moderately deep. Head short (about 2.5 to 3.0 times in standard length), its dorsal profile somewhat rounded behind eye; snout short and blunt; eye large (less than 5.6 times in head length); preopercular notch and knob weak;  vomerine tooth patch V-shaped or crescentic, with a relatively short medial posterior extension.
  Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 14 soft rays; anal fin pointed in specimens over 5 cm length, with 3 spines and 8 (rarely 9) soft rays; pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus, with 17 rays; caudal fin deeply emarginate, the upper lobe slightly longer than the lower.  Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line.
  Colour:Back and upper side deep red; lower sides and belly rosy, with a silver sheen; fins mainly red; a small dark spot sometimes present at upper pectoral fin base. Young with a rounded black spot on upper side below anterior dorsal soft rays, disappearing with growth. 
Geographical Distribution

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Tropical western Atlantic Ocean throughout most of the Caribbean Sea from Cuba southward to northeastern Brazil. Most abundant on the continental shelf off Honduras and Guayanas; less common around the Antilles where it is confined to deeper water.
Habitat and Biology
Inhabits rocky areasbetween about 30 and 160 m depth, most commonly in depths between 70 and 120 m.Feeds mainly on fishes, shrimps, crabs, cephalopods and planktonic items.

Spawning occurs mainly during spring and summer.  The von Bertalanffy growth coefficient (K) and exponential rate of mortality (M) were estimated as 0.09 and 0.35 respectively for the northern Brazil population (Menezes & Gesteira, 1974). Estimated maximum age: 12 to 18 years.
Maximum total length about 100 cm; common to 65 cm.
Interest to Fisheries
Of limited interest to commercial fisheries. In 1983 a total catch of 7 531 metric tons was reported to FAO (Fishing Areas 31 and Fishing Areas47). Caught mainly with bottom longlines, handlines and bottom trawls; also taken with gillnets.
Flesh of good quality, marketed mainly fresh.
Local Names
BRAZIL : Vermelho .
COLOMBIA : Pargo real ,  Pargo rojo .
MARTINIQUE : Sarde rouge .
SANTO DOMINGO : Colorado .
VENEZUELA : Pargo colorado .
Frequently confused with L. campechanus. Also referred to as L. aya by past authors, but Rivas (1966) provided evidence that indicatesBodianus aya Bloch (1790:45) is not a lutjanid, but probably a sciaenid.
Source of Information
FAO species catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Lutjanid Species Known to Date. G-R. Allen - 1985FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. 
Anderson, 1967
Fischer, 1978
Rivas, 1966
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